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    自学导读-新概念英语第一册 Lesson 67 The weekend



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:5823


     
     

    [词汇]14


    greengrocer              n. 蔬菜水果零售商


    absent                   adj. 缺席的


    Monday                   n. 星期一


    Tuesday                  n. 星期二


    Wednesday                n. 星期三


    Thursday                 n. 星期四


    keep                     v. (身体健康)处于(状况)


    spend                    v. 度过


    weekend                  n. 周末


    Friday                   n. 星期五


    Saturday                 n. 星期六


    Sunday                   n. 星期日


    country                  n. 乡村


    lucky                    adj. 幸运的


    greengrocer   n. 蔬菜水果零售商


    在英文中,表示店铺、住宅、公共机构、公共建筑物以及教堂的名字或某人家时,名词所有格后常不出现它所修饰的名词:


    at the greengrocer's (shop)  在蔬菜水果店


    at the butcher's (shop)   在肉店里


    at the dentist's (office)   在牙医的诊所


    at the hairdresser's (shop)  在理发店


    at the stationer’s (shop)   在文具店


    at my mother's house = at my mother's


    I am going to stay at my mother's this Friday.


    They are going to stay at her mother's this weekend.


     


    absent   adj. 缺席的


    be absent from   不在,缺席


    be absent from school 缺课


    be absent from work 旷工


    She is often absent from school.


     


    keep   v. (身体健康)处于(状况)


    v. 使保持某状态;保持


    Keep the fire burning.


    v. 保存;保留


    He would not be able to keep his job.  他恐怕保不住他那份工作了。


    v. 保守;储藏


    Would you keep my things for me while I’m away?


    在我离开的这段时间里,你能为我保管一下东西吗?


     


    spend   v. 度过


    v. 花(时间等);度过


    spend + n./pron.  度过


    spend my holiday


    We are going to spend three days at my mother’s.


    I want to spend my holiday in the country this weekend.


    I hope that you wouldn’t spend so much time watching television.


    Where are the Johnsons going to spend the weekend?


    v. 用(钱),花费


    spend 时间/金钱 + on +sth.


    Women spend a lot of money on clothes.


    Children spend a lot of time on Internet.


    At present, more and more people have come to realize that more money should be spent on health and education.


    目前,越来越多的人已开始认识到:应该在健康和教育方面多花些钱。


    spend 时间/金钱 +(in) doing sth.


    The manager spent 2 hours explaining the plan at the meeting.


     


    spend  人作主语


    expend  花费很大量,更多的主语是政府或一个机构[数额较大,比较正式的用法]


    cost [物做主语,表示物的售价]


    It cost me


    I bought a new necklace, it costs me 2000 dollars.


    afford   人作主语,支付得起,腾出时间


    I can’t afford it.


    I want to have a picnic with some of my friends, but they can’t afford some time for me.


    I can afford one day for you.


    take [花时间]


    It takes sb. some time to do sth.


    It took me 3 hours to explain this plan.


    pay [人做主语,人为某物付钱]