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    自学导读-新概念英语第二册 Lesson 5 No wrong numbers



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:8562


     
     

    New words and expressions7 


    pigeon           n. 鸽子


    message          n. 信息


    cover            v. 越过


    distance         n. 距离


    request          n. 要求,请求


    spare part       备件


    service          n. 业务,服务


     


    pigeon    n. 鸽子


    It's not my pigeon. None of my business.   不关我的事。


     


    message    n. (口头或书面的)信息


    Here is a message for you from your sister.


    an oral/written message    口信/便条


    leave sb. a message    给……留便条


    I'll leave you a message.


    take a message for sb.   替某人捎口信


    Can I take a message for you?     我能替你捎个口信吗?


    Can you take a message for me?    你能替我捎个口信吗?


    take a message to sb.    给某人口信


     


    打电话 :


    Hello!--àMay I have a word with Tom ?/May I speak with/to Tom?


    --àCan you take a message for me?


    information   n. 信息(不可数)


    messenger   n. 送信人,信使


     


    cover    v. 越过;覆盖


    vt. 盖,覆盖


    Snow covered the whole village.


    She covered the child with a coat.   她给孩子盖了件外衣。


    vt. 行过(一段距离),走过(通常不用被动语态)


    cover+距离    越过……   


    You can cover the distance to the museum in ten minutes.


    n. 覆盖物,盖子,罩子,套子


    Put a cover on the box!


     


    distance    n. 距离     


    keep distance   保持距离


    distant    adj.远距离的


    Can I share this table?


    Can I join you?


    importance  n. 重要    important  adj. 重要的


    difference  n. 不同      different  adj. 不同的


     


    request     n. 要求, 请求


    ① n.


    request for    对……有请求, 有需求


    I have a request for the cake.


    He granted my request for more time.   他同意了我延长时间的请求。


    She sent a request for help to Gary.   她向加里请求帮助。


    ② v. 要求, 请求


    request sb.to do sth. ask sb.to do sth.  要求某人做……


    require sb.to do sth.   要求某人做……


    You are required/asked to do sth.    (对人要求习惯用被动语态)


     


    spare   adj. 备用的


    vt. 抽出(时间等),让给


    Have you got five minutes to spare?


    I cannot spare the time.


    I have no time to spare.


    vt. 饶恕,赦免


    The robbers spared his life.


    ‘Share me!’begged the prisoner.


    adj. 多余的,空闲的,剩下的,备用的


    You can sleep in the spare bedroom.


    Where can I get spare parts for this machine?


    I have no spare time now.


    ‘Have you any old clothes that you do not want?’ he asked.


    =‘Have you any old clothes to spare?’he asked.


     


    service    n. 业务, 服务


    service作为不可数名词时通常用于表示旅馆、餐馆以及商店等对旅客、顾客等的侍候、接待或服务;作为可数名词时可以表示为帮助他人所采取的行动或所做的工作。


      The service in that hotel is quite good.


      You have done me a great service.


    service既可以指公用事业的业务,如:the mail service(邮政业务)、the telephone service(电话业务);也可指办这些业务的机构,如:a travel service(旅行社)、a news service(通讯社)。


    At your service. = Glad to be at your service. = I am glad to be at your service.


    我很乐意为您效劳.


    serve    v. 服务, 接待


     


    ——Thank you.


    ——You are welcome.(下次又需要再来找我)/Not at all.(根本完全不用谢)/That's (all)right./That's ok.(绝对正确, 绝对过时)/(It's) My pleasure.(我很高兴这么做, 把自己放得很低, 把对方抬得很高)


    Thank you for your listening.在讲课, 演讲结束时说, 即感谢大家的合作的概念(应以鼓掌回应)


    情急之下, 可用No thanks.回答


    ——Sorry.  ——No sorry.


     


    Text


    Mr.James Scott has a garage in Silbury and now he has just bought another garage in Pinhurst. Pinhurst is only five miles from Silbury, but Mr. Scott cannot get a telephone for his new garage, so he has just bought twelve pigeons. Yesterday, a pigeon carried the first message from Pinhurst to Silbury. The bird covered the distance in three minutes. Up to now, Mr.Scott has sent a great many requests for spare parts and other urgent messages from one garage to the other. In this way, he has begun his own private 'telephone' service.


     


    参考译文


    詹姆斯.斯科特先生在锡尔伯里有一个汽车修理部, 现在他刚在平赫斯特买了另一个汽车修理部. 平赫特离锡尔伯里只有5英里, 但詹姆斯.斯科特先生未能为他新的汽车修理部搞到一部电话机, 所以他买了只鸽子. 昨天, 一只鸽子把第一封信从平赫特带到锡尔伯里. 这只鸟只用了3分钟就飞完了全程. 到目前为止, 斯科特先生从一个汽车修理部向另一个发送了大量索取备件的信件和其他紧急函件. 就这样, 他开始自己的私人电话业务.


     


    【课文讲解】


    1Mr.James Scott has a garage in Silbury and now he has just bought another garage in Pinhurst.


    garage[5^ArB:V, -rIdV; (?@) ^E5rB:V]    n. 车库, 车行(英美读音不同)


    another(+单数名词)  其它的很多个中的一个,


    Can you show me another?


    other(+名词)   adj.其它的(可加单/复数名词)


    the other    两个之中的另外一个   


    one…the other…    一个……另一个……


    One is watering the flowers, and the other is reading.


    others(不用再加名词)= other + 名词复数


    Some boys are playing football, and others are rowing/(going boating).


     


    2Pinhurst is only five miles from Silbury, but Mr. Scott cannot get a telephone for his new garage, so he has just bought twelve pigeons.


    介词from在这里表示距离上相隔,作“距……”、“离……”讲,常与away连用


    It is far (away) from here.


    Bus stop is only one mile from school/here.


    Bus stop is only one mile (away).


      She has been away from home for 5 days now.


    How far...?   多远(对距离提问)


    How far(away) is the bus stop?


    How far is your home(from here)?


    My home is ten miles away from here.


    get a telephone    得到电话, 安装电话


     


    3Yesterday, a pigeon carried the first message from Pinhurst to Silbury.


    carry    v. 带着, 携带(其强调所携带的东西不会着地)


    I carried my son. (背或抱着)


    I carry the bag.


    take    v. 带着


    I take my sister to the cinema.


     


    from…to…表示从一个地方到另一个地方


    He looked at the girl from head to foot.


    The news spread from house to house.    家家户户都得知了这条消息。


     


    4The bird covered the distance in three minutes.


    cover the distance    飞过那段距离


     


    5Up to now, Mr.Scott has sent a great many requests for spare parts and other urgent messages from one garage to the other.


    up to now =up till now   到目前为止,到现在为止(作时间状语,时态多用现在完成时,相当于until/till now)


      Up to now, he has not been very hard-working.


    request for    对……的需求


    a great many(+可数名词复数)    许多……


    a great many可以做形容词短语:


    A great many trees were destroyed in the storm.


    也可作代词短语:


      He has read a great many of the books in this room.


    a great number of(+可数名词复数)   许多……


    urgent    adj. 紧急的   


    something urgent    紧急的事情


     


    Key structures】 


    一般过去时与现在完成时


    在表示过去某个特定时间发生的事情或动作时,要用一般过去时。在表示刚刚或者已经完成一个动作并且对现在有影响时,则要用现在完成时,时间状语可以是不特指的nowjust或者for引导的一段时间,或者不加任何时间状语。


    一般过去时与现在完成时的共同点:动作在过去都做过了;区别:过去式只能强调过去的事, 和现在没有任何关系.


    I ate a piece of bread.


    现在完成时, 强调过去的事情对现在产生的影响.


    I have eaten a piece of bread this morning. I'm not hungry.


    The clock stopped.   陈述事实


    The clock has stopped.   过去的事实对现在造成影响


    It snowed yesterday.


    It has snowed yesterday.   强调对现在造成影响


     


    Special Difficulties


    way的短语


    in the way  按照,以……方式


    Do your work in the way I have shown you.