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    实用英语写作技巧-第一单元 段落简介



    作者:abscottlee 阅读次数:4361


     
     
    [color=mediumturquoise][b]1[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]1[/b][b][font=宋体]段落[/font][/b][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][font=宋体]段落是构成文章的一组句子。段落必须表达完整的意思:或描写事物([/font]describe something[font=宋体]),或争论某事([/font]argue about something[font=宋体]),或对某事提出疑问([/font]question something[font=宋体]),或要求什么([/font]demand something[font=宋体]),或给事物下定义([/font]define something[font=宋体]),或驳斥某观点([/font]reject something[font=宋体])。[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][b]1[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体]典型段落的构成[/font][/b][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][font=宋体]一个典型的段落通常由三部分组成:([/font]1[font=宋体])主题句([/font]the topic sentence[font=宋体]);([/font]2[font=宋体])说明或支持主题的推展句([/font] supporting sentences[font=宋体]);([/font]3[font=宋体])结论句([/font]the concluding sentence[font=宋体])(有些段落没有该部分)。[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][font=宋体]示范段落[/font]1-1[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]We all know that cigarette smoking is a dangerous habit because it causes health problems[font=宋体].[/font] Doctors say it can be a direct cause of cancer of the lungs and throat and can also contribute to cancer of other organs[font=宋体].[/font] In addition[font=宋体],[/font] it can bring about other health problems such as heart and lung diseases[font=宋体].[/font] It is clearly identified as one of the chief causes of death in our society[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][b]1[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体]示范段落分析[/font][/b][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][font=宋体]这是一个典型的段落,可概括提纲如下:[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][font=宋体]主题句:[/font] We all know that cigarette smoking is a dangerous habit[font=宋体],[/font]because it causes health problems[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][font=宋体]推展句:[/font] 1[font=宋体].[/font] Doctors say it can be a direc cause of cancer of the lungs and throat and can also contribute to cancer of other organs[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]2[font=宋体].[/font] It can bring about other health problems such as heart and lung diseases[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][font=宋体]结论句:[/font] It is clearly identified as one of the chief causes of death in our society[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][font=宋体]从以上提纲可见,主题句提出了一个问题:[/font] What kind of health problems does cigarette smoking cause[font=宋体]?随后的两个推展句回答了这个问题,结论句总结了推展句并再一次强调主题句。[/font][/color]
    [b][color=mediumturquoise]Exercise 1-1[/color][/b]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font] Read the following paragraphs and find out the topic sentence[font=宋体],[/font] the supporting details and the concluding sentence[font=宋体],[/font] if there is one[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [align=center][b][color=mediumturquoise][/color][/b] [/align][align=center][color=mediumturquoise][b][font=宋体]([/font]1[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/color][/align][align=center][b][color=mediumturquoise][/color][/b] [/align][color=mediumturquoise]The need for wildlife protection is greater now than ever before[font=宋体].[/font]About a thousand species of animals are in danger of extinction,[font=宋体],[/font]and the rate at which they are being destroyed has increased[font=宋体].[/font] With mammals[font=宋体],[/font] for instance[font=宋体],[/font] the rate of extinction is now about one species every year[font=宋体];[/font] from A[font=宋体].[/font] D[font=宋体].[/font] 1 to 1800[font=宋体],[/font] the ratewas about one species every fifty years[font=宋体].[/font] Everywhere[font=宋体],[/font] men are trying o solve the problem of preserving wildlife while caring at the same time for the world[font=宋体]’[/font]s growing population[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]____________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Details[font=宋体]:[/font] 1[font=宋体].[/font]________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]2[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Concluding Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [align=center][b][color=mediumturquoise][/color][/b] [/align][align=center][color=mediumturquoise][b][font=宋体]([/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/color][/align][align=center][b][color=mediumturquoise][/color][/b] [/align][color=mediumturquoise]The Americans and the British not only speak the same language but also share a large number of social customs[font=宋体].[/font]For example[font=宋体],[/font] in both America and England[font=宋体],[/font] people shake hands when they meet each other for the first time[font=宋体].[/font] Also[font=宋体],[/font] most English men will open a door for a woman or offer their seat to a woman[font=宋体],[/font] and so will most Americans[font=宋体].[/font] Promptness is important both in England and in America[font=宋体].[/font] That is[font=宋体],[/font] if a dinner invitation is for 7 o[font=宋体]’[/font]clock[font=宋体],[/font] the dinner guest either arrives close to that time or calls up to explain his delay[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]____________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Details[font=宋体]:[/font] 1[font=宋体].[/font]______________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color][size=2][/size]
    [color=mediumturquoise][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]2[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]3[font=宋体].[/font]________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Concluding Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [align=center][b][color=mediumturquoise][/color][/b] [/align][align=center][color=mediumturquoise][b][font=宋体]([/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/color][/align][align=center][b][color=mediumturquoise][/color][/b] [/align][color=mediumturquoise]Birds use many different materials to build nests[font=宋体].[/font]Some birds use bits of grass[font=宋体].[/font] The tailor-bird of Africa and India uses grass to sew leaves together[font=宋体].[/font] Other birds find twigs and pebbles useful[font=宋体].[/font][/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]_____________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Details[font=宋体]:[/font] 1[font=宋体].[/font]_____________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]2[font=宋体].[/font]______________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]3[font=宋体].[/font]______________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]Concluding Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]_______________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise]______________________________________________________________[/color]
    [color=mediumturquoise][/color]