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    实用英语写作技巧-第二单元 主题句简介



    作者:abscottlee 阅读次数:3350


     
     
    [b]2[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]1[/b][b][font=宋体]主题句[/font] [/b]
    [font=宋体]作者的首要任务是让读者知道所写段落要谈的是什么,这就是每段的主题句的作用。因此主题句应该阐明段落的主要思想,所有支持主题句的细节和描述都与这一主要思想有关。[/font]
    [b]2[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体]主题句的形式[/font][/b]
    [font=宋体]主题句通常有以下三种形式:[/font]
    1[font=宋体])肯定句([/font]Affirmative Sentence[font=宋体])[/font]
    Example[font=宋体]:[/font] The need for wildlife protection is greater now than ever before[font=宋体].[/font]
    2[font=宋体])反诘句([/font]Rhetorical Sentence[font=宋体])[/font]
    Example[font=宋体]:[/font] How do you think people will solve the problem of wildlife protection[font=宋体]?[/font]
    3[font=宋体])不完整句([/font]Fragments[font=宋体])[/font]
    Example[font=宋体]:[/font] And the workingman[font=宋体]?[/font]
    [font=宋体]初学者最好使用肯定句作为主题句。[/font]
    [b]2[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体]主题句的位置[/font][/b]
    [font=宋体]主题句出现的位置有以下四种情况:[/font]
    1[font=宋体])段首([/font]At the beginning[font=宋体])[/font]
    [font=宋体]主题句经常居于段首,以便读者浏览主题句就可掌握文章的概要。这个位置适用于写提供信息或解释观点的段落。[/font]
    2[font=宋体])段末([/font]At the end[font=宋体])[/font]
    [font=宋体]用推理方法展开段落时,主题句往往位于句末。[/font]
    3[font=宋体])段中([/font]In the middle[font=宋体])[/font]
    [font=宋体]有时为了使段落多样化,主题句也可以居于段中。[/font]
    4[font=宋体])隐含([/font]Implied[font=宋体])[/font]
    [font=宋体]有时候,尤其在写叙述性或描写性段落时,当所有的细节都围绕着一个显而易见的主题时可以不用主题句。[/font]
    [b]Exercise 2-1[/b]
    Directions[font=宋体]:[/font] Read the following paragraphs and identify the topic sentence[font=宋体].[/font] If it is implied[font=宋体],[/font] summarize it yourself[font=宋体].[/font]
    [align=center][b][/b] [/align][align=center][b][font=宋体]([/font]1[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/align][align=center][b][/b] [/align]But no matter what it is called[font=宋体],[/font] all polyester has certain good points[font=宋体].[/font] It does not wrinkle easily[font=宋体].[/font] It dries quickly after it is washed[font=宋体].[/font] It holds its shape[font=宋体].[/font] It is strong and keeps its colors well[font=宋体].[/font]
    Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]____________________________________________
    Position[font=宋体]:[/font]________________
    [align=center][b][/b] [/align][align=center][b][font=宋体]([/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/align][align=center][b][/b] [/align]Black is the colour of mourning[font=宋体].[/font] Red symbolizes danger[font=宋体],[/font]violence[font=宋体],[/font]or bloodshed[font=宋体].[/font] If you are afraid[font=宋体],[/font] you are yellow[font=宋体].[/font] None of these sayings is true outside the English speaking world[font=宋体].[/font] In China and Korea[font=宋体],[/font] white is the color of mourning[font=宋体].[/font] In Russia red stands for beauty and life[font=宋体].[/font] In Italy and Germany you are yellow with anger[font=宋体],[/font]not with fear[font=宋体].[/font]
    Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]_____________________________________________
    Position[font=宋体]:[/font]__________________
    [align=center][b][/b] [/align][align=center][b][font=宋体]([/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/align][align=center][b][/b] [/align]Our chief source of fresh water is rainfall that collects in lakes[font=宋体],[/font]rivers[font=宋体],[/font] and reservoirs[font=宋体].[/font] Recently[font=宋体],[/font] however[font=宋体],[/font] we have discovered anew source[font=宋体],[/font] aquifers[font=宋体],[/font] which are rock formations containing water[font=宋体].[/font]Even under deserts[font=宋体],[/font] vast aquifers may be waiting to be tapped[font=宋体].[/font]Companies drilling for oil in the Middle East have sometimes struck aquifers[font=宋体],[/font] which provide unexpected water supplies for arid regions[font=宋体].[/font]
    Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]____________________________________________
    Position[font=宋体]:[/font]_____________
    [align=center][b][/b] [/align][align=center][b][font=宋体]([/font]4[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/align][align=center][b][/b] [/align]Suppose you[font=宋体]’[/font]re playing a game[font=宋体].[/font] You make a silly mistake and lose[font=宋体].[/font] Do you become angry[font=宋体]?[/font] Or can you laugh at yourself and hope to do better next time[font=宋体]?[/font] Suppose you are at a special dinner[font=宋体].[/font]You accidentally spill some food[font=宋体].[/font]Why keep worrying about how clumsy you look[font=宋体]?[/font]Why not laugh it off and enjoy yourself anyway[font=宋体]?[/font]If you can[font=宋体],[/font] it[font=宋体]’[/font]s good sign you've really grown up[font=宋体].[/font]
    Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]____________________________________________
    Position[font=宋体]:[/font]____________
    [align=center][b][/b] [/align][align=center][b][font=宋体]([/font]5[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/align][align=center][b][/b] [/align]Young men sometimes bring edelweiss back for their girlfriends[font=宋体].[/font] The girls think of the flowers as a proof of true love[font=宋体].[/font]Mountain climbers[font=宋体],[/font] guides[font=宋体],[/font] and hunters pick edelweiss too[font=宋体].[/font]They wear it on their hats[font=宋体].[/font] To them it is a sign of courage and daring[font=宋体].[/font]
    Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]____________________________________________
    Position[font=宋体]:[/font]____________
    [b][size=10]
    [/size][/b]