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    实用英语写作技巧-第六单元 如何写好一个段落(Ⅰ)



    作者:abscottlee 阅读次数:9888


     
     
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]1[/b][b][font=宋体]段落的特征[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]一个好的段落应该具有以下三个特征:[/font]1[font=宋体])完整性([/font]completeness[font=宋体]);[/font] 2[font=宋体])统一性([/font]unity[font=宋体]);[/font] 3[font=宋体])连贯性([/font]coherence[font=宋体])。[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体]完整性[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]段落的完整性指的是段落得以充分展开。作者一俟写好主题句,就应该用细节进行推展,细节越充足越好。例如,你认为“[/font]Riding motorcycles is dangerous[font=宋体]”,你就应该用你所知道的事实证明这一观点是正确的。你可以使用数字([/font]statistics[font=宋体]),列举例子([/font]example[font=宋体]),进行描绘([/font]descriptions[font=宋体])等等。[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]示范段落[/font]6-1[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Ever since the time of the Greeks[font=宋体],[/font] drama has played an important role in man's lives[font=宋体].[/font] The Greek tragedies and come dies were a central part of the citizens' lives in ancient Greece[font=宋体].[/font] During the Middle Ages[font=宋体],[/font] Bible stories were acted out in churches[font=宋体],[/font]and wandering companies of players performed in the streets[font=宋体].[/font] In modern times[font=宋体],[/font] drama is brought directly into people's homes through the magic of television[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体]示范段落分析[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]主题句:[/font] Ever since the time of the Greeks[font=宋体],[/font] drama has played animportant role in man's lives[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]细节:[/font]1[font=宋体].[/font] ancient Greece[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]2[font=宋体].[/font] the Middle Ages[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]3[font=宋体].[/font] modern times[/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体]作者根据各个不同历史时期提供细节,举例说明戏剧的重要性。[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]4 [/b][b][font=宋体]统一性[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体]一个好的段落应该具有统一性。统一性就是一个中心思想统领整个段落。每个细节都应支持主题句,不应有无关的细节。为了支持主题,要尽可能多地提供细节,但又要避免滥用细节。[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体]读下面段落,然后找出毛病。[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]①[/font] Innovations[font=宋体],[/font] whether practical or aesthetic[font=宋体],[/font] are often resisted by the general population[font=宋体].②[/font] When the early experiments in the field of aviation began their work[font=宋体],[/font] there were many who said[font=宋体],“[/font]If God had wanted man to fly[font=宋体],[/font] he would have given him wings[font=宋体].③[/font]The Wright brothers made the first powered flights in a heavier-than-air craft in 1903 at Kitty Hawk[font=宋体],[/font] North Carolina[font=宋体].④[/font]Even today there are many who strongly object to modern art and music as being nothing more than [font=宋体]“[/font]splashes of paint and honking horns[font=宋体].”⑤[/font]The painter Picasso's well-known masterpiece [font=宋体]“[/font]The Three Musicians[font=宋体]”[/font] is done primarily in blues and browns[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]5[/b][b][font=宋体]段落分析[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]主题句:[/font] Innovations[font=宋体],[/font] whether practical or aesthetic[font=宋体],[/font] are often resisted by the general population[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]推展细节:[/font]1[font=宋体].[/font] People's objection to the early experiments in the field of aviation[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]2[font=宋体].[/font] People's objection to modern art and music[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]无关细节:[/font]1[font=宋体].[/font] The Wright brothers' experiment in flight[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]2[font=宋体].[/font]Picasso's painting[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体]显然这不是个好的段落,因为并非所有的推展句都支持主题句。应该把无关的细节删去。下图是一个有统一性的段落的结构图。[/font][/color][/size]
    [align=center][size=3][color=indigo][img=383,145]mk:@MSITStore:F:\疯狂英语\实用英语写作技巧.chm::/SYYYXZJQ/42110037ZW_0007_1.gif[/img][/color][/size][/align][b][size=3][color=indigo]Exercise 6-1[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font] In the folowing sentence grouping[font=宋体],[/font] circle the letter in front of any detail that does not support the topic sentence[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]My main satisfaction in life comes from the people who are part of my life[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Supporting Details[font=宋体]:[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]a[font=宋体].[/font] For me a day is good or bad depending on whether or not I havegooten along well with my associates[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]b[font=宋体].[/font] I am not at all affected by the weather the way some people are[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]c[font=宋体].[/font] For instance[font=宋体],[/font] my father judges his day by whether or not the skyis blue[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]d[font=宋体].[/font] On a rainy day he is always in a bad mood[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]e[font=宋体].[/font] What counts for me is to feel human warmth and friendship[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]f[font=宋体].[/font] My favourite entertainment is to be with one or two intimate friends[font=宋体],[/font] sitting in front of a fireplace and sharing intimate recollections[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [b][size=3][color=indigo]Exercise 6-2[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font][/size][/color][size=3][color=indigo] Read the followin[/color][/size]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]1[/b][b][font=宋体]段落的特征[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]一个好的段落应该具有以下三个特征:[/font]1[font=宋体])完整性([/font]completeness[font=宋体]);[/font] 2[font=宋体])统一性([/font]unity[font=宋体]);[/font] 3[font=宋体])连贯性([/font]coherence[font=宋体])。[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体]完整性[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]段落的完整性指的是段落得以充分展开。作者一俟写好主题句,就应该用细节进行推展,细节越充足越好。例如,你认为“[/font]Riding motorcycles is dangerous[font=宋体]”,你就应该用你所知道的事实证明这一观点是正确的。你可以使用数字([/font]statistics[font=宋体]),列举例子([/font]example[font=宋体]),进行描绘([/font]descriptions[font=宋体])等等。[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]示范段落[/font]6-1[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Ever since the time of the Greeks[font=宋体],[/font] drama has played an important role in man's lives[font=宋体].[/font] The Greek tragedies and come dies were a central part of the citizens' lives in ancient Greece[font=宋体].[/font] During the Middle Ages[font=宋体],[/font] Bible stories were acted out in churches[font=宋体],[/font]and wandering companies of players performed in the streets[font=宋体].[/font] In modern times[font=宋体],[/font] drama is brought directly into people's homes through the magic of television[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体]示范段落分析[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]主题句:[/font] Ever since the time of the Greeks[font=宋体],[/font] drama has played animportant role in man's lives[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]细节:[/font]1[font=宋体].[/font] ancient Greece[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]2[font=宋体].[/font] the Middle Ages[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]3[font=宋体].[/font] modern times[/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体]作者根据各个不同历史时期提供细节,举例说明戏剧的重要性。[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]4 [/b][b][font=宋体]统一性[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体]一个好的段落应该具有统一性。统一性就是一个中心思想统领整个段落。每个细节都应支持主题句,不应有无关的细节。为了支持主题,要尽可能多地提供细节,但又要避免滥用细节。[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体]读下面段落,然后找出毛病。[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]①[/font] Innovations[font=宋体],[/font] whether practical or aesthetic[font=宋体],[/font] are often resisted by the general population[font=宋体].②[/font] When the early experiments in the field of aviation began their work[font=宋体],[/font] there were many who said[font=宋体],“[/font]If God had wanted man to fly[font=宋体],[/font] he would have given him wings[font=宋体].③[/font]The Wright brothers made the first powered flights in a heavier-than-air craft in 1903 at Kitty Hawk[font=宋体],[/font] North Carolina[font=宋体].④[/font]Even today there are many who strongly object to modern art and music as being nothing more than [font=宋体]“[/font]splashes of paint and honking horns[font=宋体].”⑤[/font]The painter Picasso's well-known masterpiece [font=宋体]“[/font]The Three Musicians[font=宋体]”[/font] is done primarily in blues and browns[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][b]6[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]5[/b][b][font=宋体]段落分析[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]主题句:[/font] Innovations[font=宋体],[/font] whether practical or aesthetic[font=宋体],[/font] are often resisted by the general population[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]推展细节:[/font]1[font=宋体].[/font] People's objection to the early experiments in the field of aviation[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]2[font=宋体].[/font] People's objection to modern art and music[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]无关细节:[/font]1[font=宋体].[/font] The Wright brothers' experiment in flight[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]2[font=宋体].[/font]Picasso's painting[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体]显然这不是个好的段落,因为并非所有的推展句都支持主题句。应该把无关的细节删去。下图是一个有统一性的段落的结构图。[/font][/color][/size]
    [align=center][size=3][color=indigo][img=383,145]mk:@MSITStore:F:\疯狂英语\实用英语写作技巧.chm::/SYYYXZJQ/42110037ZW_0007_1.gif[/img][/color][/size][/align][b][size=3][color=indigo]Exercise 6-1[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font] In the folowing sentence grouping[font=宋体],[/font] circle the letter in front of any detail that does not support the topic sentence[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]My main satisfaction in life comes from the people who are part of my life[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Supporting Details[font=宋体]:[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]a[font=宋体].[/font] For me a day is good or bad depending on whether or not I havegooten along well with my associates[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]b[font=宋体].[/font] I am not at all affected by the weather the way some people are[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]c[font=宋体].[/font] For instance[font=宋体],[/font] my father judges his day by whether or not the skyis blue[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]d[font=宋体].[/font] On a rainy day he is always in a bad mood[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]e[font=宋体].[/font] What counts for me is to feel human warmth and friendship[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]f[font=宋体].[/font] My favourite entertainment is to be with one or two intimate friends[font=宋体],[/font] sitting in front of a fireplace and sharing intimate recollections[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [b][size=3][color=indigo]Exercise 6-2[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font] Read the following paragraph and identify the irrelevant sentences[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]①[/font] Different people spend their weekends in different ways[font=宋体].②[/font]Some enjoy going to the mountains to hike[font=宋体],[/font] ski or just relax[font=宋体].③[/font]Water skiing is much more difficult than snow skiing[font=宋体].④[/font]Others prefer going to the beach to enjoy the seashore activities and to get a suntan[font=宋体].⑤[/font] Some of these people work very hard during the week[font=宋体];[/font]others have rather relaxing jobs[font=宋体].⑥[/font] Still others like to relax by staying home and reading a good book[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Irrelevant Sentences[font=宋体]:[/font]________________[/size][/color]
    [b][size=3][color=indigo]Exercise 6-3[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font] List at least five details that might used to develop thegiven topic sentence[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Topic sentence[font=宋体]:[/font] Day dreaming has always been my favourite[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Details[font=宋体]:[/font]1[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]2[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]3[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]4[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]5[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=indigo][/color][/size]
    [b][size=10]
    [size=3][color=indigo][/color][/size][/size][/b]
    [size=3][color=indigo][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=indigo]g paragraph and identify the irrelevant sentences[/color][/size][size=3][color=indigo][font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=indigo][size=3][font=宋体]①[/font] Different people spend their weekends in different ways[font=宋体].②[/font]Some enjoy going to the mountains to hike[font=宋体],[/font] ski or just relax[font=宋体].③[/font]Water skiing is much more difficult than snow skiing[font=宋体].④[/font]Others prefer going to the beach to enjoy the seashore activities and to get a suntan[font=宋体].⑤[/font] Some of these people work very hard during the week[font=宋体];[/font]others have rather relaxing jobs[font=宋体].⑥[/font] Still others like to relax by staying home and reading a good book[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Topic Sentence[font=宋体]:[/font]________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Irrelevant Sentences[font=宋体]:[/font]________________[/size][/color]
    [b][size=3][color=indigo]Exercise 6-3[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font] List at least five details that might used to develop thegiven topic sentence[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Topic sentence[font=宋体]:[/font] Day dreaming has always been my favourite[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]Details[font=宋体]:[/font]1[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]2[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]3[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]4[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [color=indigo][size=3]5[font=宋体].[/font]_______________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=indigo][/color][/size]
    [b][size=10]
    [/size][/b][size=3][color=indigo][/color][/size]