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    实用英语写作技巧-第八单元 推展段落方法之一——事实与数据法



    作者:abscottlee 阅读次数:7268


     
     
    [size=3][color=darkgreen][font=宋体]在第四单元,我们曾提到推展段落的方法有多种。从这一单元开始,我们将逐个介绍这些方法。[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][b]8[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]1[/b][b][font=宋体]事实与数据法[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]事实([/font]a fact[font=宋体])是可以客观证实的事情。例如:“[/font]The sunrises in the east[font=宋体].”是个事实。“[/font]Oil and water do not mix[font=宋体].”也是个事实。两者都可以通过实验证明是真实的。但是“[/font]Eating carrots improves eyesight[font=宋体].”也许是真实也许是不真实的。这不是个事实,是一种看法([/font]opinion[font=宋体])。数据([/font]a statistic[font=宋体])是一个数字事实([/font]a numeral fact[font=宋体]),用于给某一主题提供有意义的信息。例如:[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]There are twenty[font=宋体]-[/font]five students in the class[font=宋体].”是一个数据。[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]示范段落[/font]8[font=宋体]-[/font]1[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]The term population explosion is usually applied to the rapid growth of population over the last three centuries[font=宋体].[/font]In the two hundred years from 1650 to 1850[font=宋体],[/font]world population doubled and reached its first billion[font=宋体].[/font]In the next eighty years[font=宋体],[/font]it doubled again[font=宋体],[/font]and by 1975[font=宋体],[/font]it had doubled once more to a total of 4 billion[font=宋体].[/font]By the year 2000[font=宋体],[/font]it is estimated that it will exceed 6 billion and possibly approach 7 billion unless there is a major reduction in birth rates or amajor increase in death rates[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][b]8[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体]示范段落分析[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]主题句:[/font]The term population explosion is usually applied to the rapid growth of population over the last three centuries[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [b][size=3][color=darkgreen][font=宋体]提供信息:[/font][/color][/size][/b]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]数据[/font]1[font=宋体]:[/font]1650-1850[font=宋体];[/font]double[font=宋体],[/font]reach 1 billion[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]数据[/font]2[font=宋体]:[/font]1850[font=宋体]-[/font]1930[font=宋体];[/font]double again[font=宋体],[/font]reach 2 billion[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]数据[/font]3[font=宋体]:[/font]1930[font=宋体]-[/font]1975[font=宋体];[/font]double again[font=宋体],[/font]reach 4 billion[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]数据[/font]4[font=宋体]:[/font]1975[font=宋体]-[/font]2000[font=宋体];[/font]exceed 6 billion[font=宋体],[/font]approach 7 billion[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]示范段落[/font]8-2[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]A snake is a strange animal[font=宋体].[/font]It walks on its ribs and it smells with its tongue[font=宋体].[/font]Since its teeth are sharp like needles and not good for chewing[font=宋体],[/font]it swallows its food whole[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][b]8[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体]示范段落分析[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]主题句:[/font]A snake is a strange animal[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]事实[/font]1[font=宋体]:[/font]walks with its ribs and smells with its tongue[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][font=宋体]事实[/font]2[font=宋体]:[/font]swallows its food whole[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3][b]8[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]4[/b][b][font=宋体]关于如何写事实与数据段落的建议[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]1[font=宋体])不要把事实与看法混为一谈[/font][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen][font=宋体]事实是真实的,因为它们已被证据证实。然而看法只是人们的主观想法,不一定真实。因此,记住用事实而不是用看法支持你的观点。[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]2[font=宋体])不要使用不相关的数据[/font][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen][font=宋体]如果你为了增加观点的可信度而使用不相关的数据,即使这些数据是真实的,也会引起误解。[/font][/color][/size]
    [b][size=3][color=darkgreen]Exercise 8-1[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font]Write a paragraph with statistics as supporting details[font=宋体],[/font]using the given topic sentence and statistics[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Statistic[font=宋体]:[/font]blood pressure before the exam[font=宋体]—[/font]115[font=宋体]/[/font]55[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Statistic[font=宋体]:[/font]at the end of the exam[font=宋体]—[/font]155[font=宋体]/[/font]115[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Statistic[font=宋体]:[/font]ten minutes after the exam[font=宋体]—[/font]150[font=宋体]/[/font]110[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Exams apparently have a marked effect on the blood pressure of the students taking them[font=宋体].[/font]___________________________________________________[/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen]______________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen]______________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen]______________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [b][size=3][color=darkgreen]Exercise 8-2[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font]Write a paragraph with facts as supporting details using the given topic sentence and facts[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Fact[font=宋体]:[/font]William is the second most common boy's name used in English[font=宋体]([/font]the first being John[font=宋体])[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Fact[font=宋体]:[/font]History is full of Williams[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]a[font=宋体].[/font]William of Nor many[font=宋体]—[/font]conquerer of England in 1066[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]b[font=宋体].[/font]William Shakespeare[font=宋体]—[/font]writer[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]c[font=宋体].[/font]William Cody[font=宋体]—[/font]a hero of the Wild West[/size][/color]
    [color=darkgreen][size=3]Is your name William[font=宋体]?[/font]If so[font=宋体],[/font] you have company[font=宋体].[/font]____________[/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen]______________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen]______________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen]______________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=darkgreen][/color][/size]
    [b][size=10]
    [/size][/b][size=3][color=darkgreen][/color][/size]