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    实用英语写作技巧之第九单元 推展段落方法之二——叙述法



    作者:abscottlee 阅读次数:1897


     
     
    [color=sienna][size=3][font=宋体]叙述法([/font]narration[font=宋体])回答了“发生了什么”([/font]what happened[font=宋体])这一问题。叙述经常用于讲述一系列事件。这种方法常用作小说([/font]fiction[font=宋体])、传记([/font]biographs[font=宋体])的支配方法,也可用作其他各种文体的辅助方法。例如,轶事([/font]anecdotes[font=宋体])、寓言([/font]fables[font=宋体])等都是用叙述形式阐述某一观点。[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3][font=宋体]示范段落[/font]9[font=宋体]-[/font]1[/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3]I was seven years old when I first became aware of the terrible power of guilt[font=宋体].[/font]For piling our toys into the toy box[font=宋体],[/font]Mother had rewarded my brother and me with five shiny pennies each[font=宋体].[/font]If I had ten pennies instead of just five[font=宋体],[/font]I could have bought a ginger bread man with raisin eyes and sugar[font=宋体]-[/font]frosted hair[font=宋体].[/font]The image danced in my head all day[font=宋体],[/font]until[font=宋体],[/font]finally[font=宋体],[/font]I crept into my brother's room and stole his five pennies[font=宋体].[/font]The next morning[font=宋体],[/font]as my brother and I were dressing to go to school[font=宋体],[/font]I had all ten pennies in the pocket of my coat[font=宋体],[/font]cramming one of my father's handkerchiefs on top of them[font=宋体].[/font]As my brother and I lined up in front of Mother to be kissed goodbye[font=宋体],[/font]she looked at my bulging pocket with amazement[font=宋体].“[/font]What on earth do you have in your pocket[font=宋体]?[/font]she asked[font=宋体].“[/font]It's nothing[font=宋体],”[/font]I said[font=宋体],[/font]as offhandedly as I could[font=宋体].“[/font]It's nothing at all[font=宋体].”[/font]Bewildered[font=宋体],[/font]but toobusy to investigate any further[font=宋体],[/font]Mother kissed me goodbye I ran out the door and down our gravel path as fast as my feet could carry me[font=宋体].[/font]But the farther from home I got[font=宋体],[/font]the more miserable I became[font=宋体].[/font]The shiny pennies in my pocket felt oppressively like one[font=宋体]-[/font]ton boulders[font=宋体].[/font]And I was haunted by the idea that I had become a thief[font=宋体].[/font]Forgotten was the gingerbread man[font=宋体],[/font]for whose sake I had stolen my brother's pennies Finally[font=宋体],[/font]unable to bear my horrible feeling of guilt[font=宋体],[/font]I ran back home to blurt out my crime to my mother[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3][b]9[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体]示范段落分析[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3][font=宋体]在上面段落中,作者在主题句中阐述了他的观点:[/font]I was seven years old when I first became aware of the terrible power of guilt[font=宋体].然后用一件轶事作为支持这一观点的细节,叙述发生了什么事,并说明了他的观点。[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3][b]9[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体]关于如何写叙述段落的建议[/font][/b][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3]1[font=宋体])只着重叙述有意义的事件和经历[/font][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=sienna][font=宋体]尽量避免日常琐事和无聊事,只使用那些有助于阐明你的观点的事件和经历。[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=sienna][size=3]2[font=宋体])保持始终如一的着眼点[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3][font=宋体]不管叙述是以第一人称或第三人称进行,都要尽量使语言从叙述者的着眼点([/font]point of view[font=宋体])反映叙述者的见解和意向。[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3]3[font=宋体])运用细节[/font][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=sienna][font=宋体]写叙述段落时要运用细节,使人物栩栩如生,并在读者的想象中唤起事件发生的那种环境气氛。在描绘人物时也使用细节,使人物血肉丰满,形象生动。[/font][/color][/size]
    [color=sienna][size=3]4[font=宋体])使用时间顺序[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3][font=宋体]叙述几乎总是使用时间顺序法来组织细节。(第[/font]12[font=宋体]单元将讨论时间顺序法)[/font][/size][/color]
    [b][size=3][color=sienna]Exercise 9-1[/color][/size][/b]
    [color=sienna][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font]Write a paragraph of narration using the given topic sentence[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3]Not knowing a language well can sometimes be embarrassing[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=sienna]________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=sienna][/color][/size]
    [color=sienna][size=3][b]Exercise 9[/b][b][font=宋体]-[/font]2[/b][/size][/color]
    [color=sienna][size=3]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font]Write a paragraph of narration[font=宋体],[/font]telling about one of your memorable trip[font=宋体].[/font][/size][/color]
    [size=3][color=sienna]________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=sienna][/color][/size]
    [b][size=10.5pt]
    [/size][/b][size=3][color=sienna][/color][/size]