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    实用英语写作技巧之第二十单元 推展段落方法——混合方法



    作者:abscottlee 阅读次数:5321


     
     
    [size=3][color=magenta][b]20[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]1 [/b][b][font=宋体]混合方法([/font]Mixed Patterns[/b][b][font=宋体])[/font][/b][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]到目前为止,我们讨论了九种推展段落方法——[/font]1[font=宋体])事实数据法([/font]facts and statistics[font=宋体]);[/font]2[font=宋体])叙述法([/font]narration[font=宋体]);[/font]3[font=宋体])描述法([/font]description[font=宋体]);[/font]4[font=宋体])过程分析法([/font]process analysis[font=宋体]);[/font]5[font=宋体])定义法([/font]definition[font=宋体]);[/font]6[font=宋体])举例法([/font]examples[font=宋体]);[/font]7[font=宋体])比较对比法([/font]comparison and contrast[font=宋体]);[/font]8[font=宋体])分类法([/font]division and classification[font=宋体]);[/font]9[font=宋体])因果法([/font]cause and effect[font=宋体])。我们还讨论了四种组织段落的方法:[/font]1[font=宋体])时间顺序法([/font]time order[font=宋体]);[/font]2[font=宋体])空间顺序法([/font]space order[font=宋体]);[/font]3[font=宋体])重要性顺序法([/font]order of importance[font=宋体]);[/font]4[font=宋体])熟悉度顺序法([/font]order of familiarity[font=宋体])。此外,我们还谈及一个好的段落的三个特征:[/font]1[font=宋体])完整性([/font]completeness[font=宋体]);[/font]2[font=宋体])统一性([/font]unity[font=宋体]);[/font]3[font=宋体])连贯性([/font]coherence[font=宋体])。[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]我们在前面各单元的示范段落中已经发现,极少段落是仅用一种推展方法的。作者常常在段落中使用一种方法作为支配方法([/font]dominant method[font=宋体]),另外一种或数种作为辅助方法([/font]supporting method[font=宋体])。[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]示范段落[/font]20-1[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta]Man's knowledge of the past has sometimes been gained in odd ways[font=宋体].[/font]One of the oddest incidents occurred on January 16[font=宋体],[/font]1900[font=宋体].[/font]An angry workman broke a crocodile mummy into pieces[font=宋体].[/font]He wassurprised to find that the mummy had been wrapped in sheets of papyrus[font=宋体],[/font]the reed paper of ancient Egypt[font=宋体].[/font]And on the papyrus there was writing[font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][b]20[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]2[/b][b][font=宋体]示范段落分析[/font][/b][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]主题句:[/font]Man's knowledge of the past has sometimes been gained in odd ways[font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]组织段落顺序:[/font]Time order[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]支配推展方法:[/font]Example[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]辅助推展方法:[/font]Narration[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]示范段落[/font]20-2[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta]There are two kinds of memory[font=宋体]:[/font]short-term and long-term[font=宋体].[/font]Information stored in the long-term memory can be recalled at a later time when it is needed[font=宋体].[/font]The information may be kept for days or weeks[font=宋体].[/font]In contrast[font=宋体],[/font]information stored in the short-term memory is kept for only a few minutes[font=宋体],[/font]usually by repeating the in formation over and over[font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][b]20[/b][b][font=宋体].[/font]3[/b][b][font=宋体]示范段落分析[/font][/b][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]主题句:[/font]There are two kinds of memory[font=宋体]:[/font]short-term and long-term[font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]组织段落方法:[/font]Order of Familiarity[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]支配推展方法:[/font]Division and Classification[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][font=宋体]辅助推展方法:[/font]Description[font=宋体],[/font]Contrast[/color][/size]
    [b][size=3][color=magenta]Exercise 20-1[/color][/size][/b]
    [size=3][color=magenta]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font]Write a paragraph on population increase[font=宋体],[/font]using cause and effect as the dominant method[font=宋体],[/font]and examples[font=宋体],[/font]facts or statistics as the supporting methods[font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta]Why has the world population been increasing so rapidly in the last decades[font=宋体]?[/font]_____________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta]__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [b][size=3][color=magenta]Exercise 20-2[/color][/size][/b]
    [size=3][color=magenta]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font]Write a paragraph on why you chose your specialty[font=宋体],[/font]combining the various methods you have learned[font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta]________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][/color][/size]
    [b][size=3][color=magenta]Exercise 20-3[/color][/size][/b]
    [size=3][color=magenta]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font]Write a paragraph about whether weekend homework should be abolished[font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta]________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [b][size=3][color=magenta]Exercise 20-4[/color][/size][/b]
    [size=3][color=magenta]Directions[font=宋体]:[/font]Write a paragraph about your favourite season[font=宋体].[/font][/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta]________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________[/color][/size]
    [size=3][color=magenta][/color][/size]
    [b][size=10.5pt]
    [/size][/b][size=3][color=magenta][/color][/size]