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    【168】委婉的话语 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:5983


     
     
    委婉的话语

      英语中有许多客气或委婉的说法。学英语时要特别小心,多多体会,才不会冒失,给人不好的印象。

      下面(1)a-(5)a是不客气的话语;(1)b-(5)b则变为委婉:

      (1) 你要什么?

      a. What do you want?

      b. Can I help you? / Is there anything I can do for you?/ Can I be of any help to you?

      (2) 我想问你一个问题。

      a. I want to ask you a question.

      b. I would like to ask you a ques-tion./ May I ask you a question?

      (3) 你遇见我的朋友吗?“Have you ever met my friend?”

      a. No, I haven't.

      b. I don't think I have./ I am afraid I have.

      (4) 你想出去吗?“Would you like to go out?”

      a. No, I wouldn't.

      b. No, I don't think I would./ I don't think so.

      (5) 你现在有空吗?“Are you free now?”

      a. No, I am not.

      b. I am afraid I have an appoint-ment this afternoon.

      除了上述这些较固定的委婉口语之外,还有其他表示委婉的方法,如(6)b到(13)b:

      (一)多用疑问句,如:

      (6) a. Shut the door, please.

        b. Would you please shut the door?

      (7) a. I suggest that you go?

        b. May I suggest that you go?

      (二)多用情态动词(Modal verbs),特别是过去式,如:

      (8) a. I want a cup of tea.

        b. I would like to have a cup of tea. / Could I have a cup of tea?

      (9) a. I think you are making a mistake.

        b. I should have thought you were making a mistake.

      (三)用动词的过去式,如:

      (10) a. Do you want to see me?

         b. Did you want to see me?

      (11) a. I wonder if you will give me a hand?

         b. I wondered if you would give me a hand?

      (12) a. I will appreciate it if you can approve my application.

         b. I would appreciate it if you could approve my application.

      (13) a. I am wondering if you will give me some advice.

         b. I was wondering if you would give me some advice.


    关键字:英语讲义