文章
 新概念英语
  • 下载]新概念英语美音版Mp3 全四册
  • 新概念英语第一,二,三,四册动画教程
  • 新概念英语第四册听力MP3(又一下载地址)
  • 新概念英语第三册听力MP3(又一下载地址)
  • 新概念英语第二册听力MP3(又一下载地址)
  • 新概念英语第一册听力MP3(又一下载地址)
  • 我整理的新概念英语第一册学习笔记下载
  • 新概念英语MP3版英音版
  • 新概念英语高保真MP3下载方式
  • 新概念英语全套电子书四册(有声版)
  • 新概念英语第四册MP3
  • 新概念英语第三册(MP3版)
  • 新概念英语第二册(MP3版)
  • 新概念英语第一册(MP3版)
  • 新概念英语视频第四册
  • 新概念英语视频第三册
  • 新概念英语视频第二册
  • 新概念英语视频第一册
  • 新东方新概念英语第三册Flash下载
  • 新东方新概念英语第一册FLASH
  • 新概念英语全四册课本PDF版
  • 新概念英语完美电子版教材下载
  • 新概念英语全四册录音MP3下载
  • 新东方新概念英语第四册Flash下载
  • 新概念英語mp3
  • 新概念英语的录音材料下载
  • 新概念四册美文小辑
  • 新概念英语MP3下载
  • 你的位置:知识库首页-> 新概念英语
     


    【163】怎样使句子简练利落 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:8584


     
     
    怎样使句子简练利落

      不是所有的长句都是罗唆的,也不是凡是短的句子都是洗练的。我们要尽量运用简练的句子;我们也要尽量把没有增添语意的词语去掉,并且将冗长句子节缩,使之简练利落。

      我们可以从四方面着手:

    一、消除多余的词语

      每句话里的词藻或用语,如果对语意起不了作用就不要铺张,要给以铲除,因此(1)a-(7)a都嫌唠叨,要由(1)b-(7)b来取代:

      (1)a. At this point of time

    →b. Now

      (2)a. Bring all this to a conclusion.

    →b. Concluding this.

      (3)a. Has a tendency to drop

    →b. Can drop easily.

      (4)a. On account of the fact that...

    →b. As.../Since...

      (5)a. Situated in the vicinity of...

    →b. near...

      (6)a. June was detemined in her mind to ...

    →b. June was determind to .../

    June decided to ...

      (7)a. Here comes David, a person whom I idolise and for whom I have the greatest admiration.

    →b. Here comes David,a person I idolise./Here comes my idol, David.


    二、避免不必要的重复

      重复重要的字眼是种修辞手段,但是不必要或无目的的重复,却使句子累赘不自然,因此(8)a-(12)a要改为(8)b-(12)b:

      (8)a. Close proximity

    →b. Proximity

      (9)a. Cooperate together

    →b. Cooperate/work together

      (10)a. Most unique

    →b. unique

      (11)a. The patient in Ward 2 is a mentally ill man.

    →b. The patient in Ward 2 is mentally ill.

      (12)a. A good teacher helps each student to become a better student, both academically and mentally.

    →b. A good teacher helps each student to grow. /develop academically and mentally.


    三、简化句子结构

      句子结构务必明确易解,如果出现不必要的迂回状况,便要纠正加以简化,而且尽量采用恰当的动词,臻达这目的;因此(13)a-(14)a要改为(13)b-(14)b:

      (13)a. Rarely should a doctor give a patient an estimate of how many months or years he or she will live.

    →b.Rarely should a doctor estimate/predict how long a patient will live.

      (14)a. The manager is responsible for monitoring and balancing the annual budget for all expenses.

    →b. The manager monitors and balances the annual budget.


    四、将从句节缩为短语、短语简化为单词

      英语从句和短语,特别是修饰性质者,可以简而略之,但语意不变,如(15)a和(16)a都可节缩为(15)b和(16)b:

      (15)a. The oral approach,which is a method of language teaching,is effective for teaching oral communication.

    →b. The oral approach, a method of language teaching, is effective for teaching oral communication.

      (16)a. Janet's jacket, made of cotton, is too warm for hot weather here.

    →b. Janet's cotton jacket, is too warm for hot weather


    关键字:英语讲义