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    【158】多姿多彩的with结构 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:2611


     
     
    多姿多彩的with结构

      With是个介词,基本的意思是“用”,但它也可以协助构成一个极为多采多姿的句型,在句子中起两种作用;副词与形容词。

      with在下列结构中起副词作用:

      1.“with+宾语+现在分词或短语”,如:

      (1) This article deals with common social ills, with particular attention being paid to vandalism.

      2.“with+宾语+过去分词或短语”,如:

      (2) With different techniques used, different results can be obtained.

      (3) The TV mechanic entered the factory with tools carried in both hands.

      3.“with+宾语+形容词或短语”,如:

      (4) With so much water vapour present in the room, some iron-made utensils have become rusty easily.

      (5) Every night, Helen sleeps with all the windows open.

      4.“with+宾语+介词短语”,如:

      (6) With the school badge on his shirt, he looks all the more serious.

      (7) With the security guard near the gate no bad character could do any thing illegal.

      5.“with+宾语+副词虚词”,如:

      (8) You cannot leave the machine there with electric power on.

      (9) How can you lock the door with your guests in?

      上面五种“with”结构的副词功能,相当普遍,尤其是在科技英语中。

      接着谈“with”结构的形容词功能,有下列五种:

      一、“with+宾语+现在分词或短语”,如:

      (10) The body with a constant force acting on it. moves at constant pace.

      (11) Can you see the huge box with a long handle attaching to it ?

      二、“with+宾语+过去分词或短语”

      (12) Throw away the container with its cover sealed.

      (13) Atoms with the outer layer filled with electrons do not form compounds.

      三、“with+宾语+形容词或短语”,如:

      (14) Put the documents in the filing container with all the drawers open.

      四、“with+宾语+介词短语”,如:

      (15) The young lady with a red ribbon on her head is my former maths teacher.

      (16) Do you know the gentleman with both hands in his pockets?

      五、“with+宾语+副词虚词,”如:

      (17) Is there any water in the kettle with this cover off ?

      (18) Out went the boy scouts with their uniforms on.

    关键字:英语讲义