|你的位置:知识库首页-> 新概念英语 |
【137】词语的搭配 - 英语讲义
词语的搭配，对学习中英文的人来说尤其重要，因为中英文在词语的搭配上有同有异。例如英语同一个动词“wear”，可以和不同的名词宾语搭配，如：WEAR+shoes/ clothes/ spectacles等。中文就不行；中文的“穿”只能和“衣鞋”连用，“眼镜”就要改为“戴”了。
再举“cut”为例。英语里可以说“CUT+ grass/ finger-nails/ a tooth/ prices/ a stone figure/ a record”。在中文里“cut”（割）只能和“草”连用；其他的名词宾语，就需要别的动词，如：剪指甲、出牙齿、减价、雕刻石像、灌录唱片。
“风萧萧、雨萧萧、马萧萧、树萧萧”——the wind whistled, the rain pattered, the horse neighed, the tree murmured.
①a. Many houses in the low-lying area were harmed by the floods.
b. Many houses in the low-lying area were damaged by the floods.
②a. This will give you an opportunity to exercise your knowledge and experience.
b. This will give you an opportunity to use/ make use of your knowledge and experience.
③a. Upset by the thick smoke, Susan's eyes were filled with tears.
b. Irritated by the thick smoke, Susan's eyes were filled with tears.
④ The authorities preferred to educate dog owners rather than jeopardise them for every little transgression. (penalise/punish)
⑤ Anyone charged with skyrocketing a political regime will be severely dealt with. (dismantling/disintegrating)
⑥ Weapons easily become slipshod and the need to acquire new arms can be very ruinous to national coffers. (obsolete/outmoded)
⑦ Good health is especically vital to old people who are prone to anticipatory diseases. (degenerative)
⑧ Some people are sanguine about the situation and think that the scandal would soon blow over without severe misery of the present political system. (dislocation/dysfunction)