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    【110】带双宾语的动词 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:5463


     
     
    带双宾语的动词

      在《及物动词不需要介词》一文中,谈到及物动词不需要通过介词引进宾语。但是,当及物动词有两个宾语时,有些无须介词,有些则需要。

      两个宾路都无须介词的动词包括下列这些:

      ① Please show me the letter.

      ② Can you buy me a meal?

      ③ I will give you the latest newsletter.

      ④ John has sent Betty a cheque of $1000.

      在①-④这样的句子里,有个直接宾语,也有个间接宾语。前者一定是“物”、后者一定是“人”。它们之间不需要介词作桥梁。另一些双宾语的动词,就需要介词的帮助了。关于这点,可以分四方面来谈。

      Ⅰ.两个宾语可通过不同介词对换位置,如:

    ①a. The boss entrusted him with the job.
     b. The boss entrusted the job to him.

    ②a. He tried to impress the new idea on us.
     b. He tried to impress us with the new idea.

    ③a. A general should inspire his soldiers with great courage.
     b. A general should inspire great courage in his soldiers.

      Ⅱ.不同介词,不同意思,如:

    ④a. Who introduced John to you?
     b. Who introduced John into the new office?

    ⑤a. We warned him of the hazard.
     b. We warned him against the hazard.

      (a. 指存在的危险;b. 指可能的危险)

    ⑥a. When compared with each other, there are differences between the twins.
     b. We may compare the heart to a pump.
     (a. 指同类人或物对比;b.指两样不同东西互相比拟)

    ⑦a. Helen was disappointed of the prize.
     b. Helen was disappointed in the prize.  (a. 指没得奖而失望;b. 指对所得的奖不满而失望)

    ⑧a. The cake is allied to the flour.
     b. Is Taiwan allied with America?
     (a.指两样东西有关联;b. 指两个国家有联盟关系)

      Ⅲ.两个宾语与介词各就各位,固定不变,如:

    ⑨ The police cautioned the tourists of the danger ahead.(警惕) ⑩ Can a doctor cure June of her chronic illness?(医治)

    ● The company has to compensate its staff for their losses.(弥补)

    ● No one can deprive a citizen of his human right.(剥夺)

      Ⅳ.以返身代词为宾语的惯用语,如:

    ● I hope you will avail yourself of the golden opportunity. (利用)

    ● My friends often pride themselves on their rare achievements.(以……自豪)

    ● Jill knows how to insinuate herself into her boss's favour.(向……献媚取宠)

    ● We look down on those ingratiating themselves with their superiors.(讨好……)


    关键字:英语讲义