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    【90】副词分句的节缩 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:1693


     
     
    副词分句的节缩

      上一期谈过了名词分句和形容词分句的节缩句,现在继续谈副词分句的节缩法。

      根据语意,副词分句可分为时间、地点、条件、让步、目的、结果和方式等。这些副词分句多数可以节缩为副词性短语。现在简述如下:

      ⒈由连词“when, while, once, before, after, as soon as” 等引导的时间副词分句的节缩,如:

    ●a. When you are in trouble, consult Jason.
     b. When in trouble, consult Jason.

    ●a. While Tony was at school, he was a student leader.
     b. While at school, Tony was a student leader.

    ●a. Once John was home, he took a rest.
     b. Once home, John took a rest.

    ●a. I often close the windows before I go out.
     b. I often close the windows before going out.

    ●a. After I had finished my work, I went home.
     b. After having finished my work, I went home.

    ●a. Come back as soon as it is possible.
     b. Come back as soon as possible.

      ⒉由连词“wherever”引导的地点副词分句的节缩,如:

    ●a. Wherever it is possible, such facts should be reported.
     b. Wherever possible, such facts should be reported.

      ⒊由连词“if, unless”引导的条件副词分句的节缩,如;

    ●a. I will help you if it is possible.  b. I will help you if possible.

    ●a. Unless he meets with an accident, he has never come home late.
     b. Unless meeting with an accident, he has never come home late.

      ⒋由连词“although, though, even if”等引导的让步副词分句的节缩,如:

    ●a. Although Janet knows Chinese, she seldom uses it.
     b. Although knowing Chinese, Janet seldom uses it.

    ●a. Though the man is over seventy, he can still run fast.
     b. Though over seventy, the man can still run fast.

    ●a. Even if he is invited, he won't go.
     b. Even if invited, he won't go.

      ⒌由连词“so that, in order that”引导的目的副词分句的节缩,如:

    ●a. We arrive early so that we can get good seats.
     b. We arrive early so as to get good seats.

    ●a. She plants flowers in order that she can beautify the garden.
     b. She plants flowers in order to beautify the garden.

      ⒍由连词“so...that”引导的结果副词分句的节缩,如:

    ●a. Tom was so tired that he couldn't work anymore.
     b. Tom was too tired to work anymore.

    ●a. Jane is so strong that she can lift the box herself.
     b. Jane is strong enough to lift the box herself.

      ⒎由连词“as if, as though”引导的方式副词分句的节缩,如:

    ●a. She moved her lips as if she was going to say something.
     b. She moved her lips as if to say something.

    ●a. Bob raised his hand as though he would ask something.
     b. Bob raised his hand as though to ask something.


    关键字:英语讲义