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【85】被动句中的动词形态 - 英语讲义
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这句话清楚吗？很清楚！问题是第二个并列分句的被动语态的动词形态“entitle”不对。为什么不对呢？这就要从主动语态（the active voice）和被动语态（the passive voice）的差别谈起。
① I have just bought a new dictionary.
② They will invite you to dinner.
③ A new dictionary has just been bought by me.
④ You will be invited to dinner by them.
在被动语态的结构里，最重要的成分是接系动词“be”+主动词的过去分词（be+past participle of the principal verb）。③里的”has been bought”和④里的“will be invited”便是这个成分。根据这原则，“be entitle”就要改为“be entitled”才行。
⑤ One must do the work properly.→The work must be properly done.
⑥ Someone took down the pictures.→The pictures were taken down.
⑦ Anne gave John a photo.→John was given a photo by Anne.
在⑤和⑥里，原来的主语不重要，所以在被动句中被省略了。在 ⑦里，我们看到两个宾语，一个是直接宾语（direct object）“a photo”，另一个是间接宾语（indirect object）”John”。直接宾语一定是“事物”；间接宾语就是“人物”。
这样的主动语态，有两种变法。除了”John was given a photo by Anne”之外，另一个方法是“A photo was given to John by Anne.”
① A puppy was knocked down.
② Actions must be taken to improve the economic situation.
③ The gangster was sent to prison.
④ Two eye witnesses have been questioned.
⑤ All good students will be rewarded.
⑥ Some students are said to be often late for class.
⑦ The name of the suspect has been submitted to the police.
⑧ You are expected to work hard from now on.
⑨ The last train is scheduled to leave at 10p.m.
⑩ All loyal citizens are supposed to defend their country.