|你的位置:知识库首页-> 新概念英语 |
【74】名词分句 - 英语讲义
在英语里,名词分句（the noun clause）是复杂句中三种从句的一种，起着名词的作用，可以是主语、宾语、同位语或补足语。
① That the drowned boy is still alive is fortunate.
② He said that he was right to report the matter to the police.
③ Your assumption that all things will improve is unfounded.
④ The problem is that many people nowadays want to get rich fast.
⑤ I am sure that things will improve soon.
⑥ Tom said (that) he was right.
⑦ We are sure (that) things will get better.
还有，用“that”引导的名词从句是陈述句（ statements/declarative sentences）。例如③里的 (i)“All things will improve”和 (ii)“your assumption is unfounded” 连成复杂句之前，都是陈述句。但不是所有的名词分句都是用“that ”引导的陈述句。它们也可以是疑问句（questions/ interrogative sentences）。
疑问句分两种：带疑问词（question words）和不带疑问词的。当带疑问词的直接疑问句（direct questions）转为间接疑问句（ indirect questions）时，有关的疑问词便要起连接作用。例如：
⑧a. What problem may arise?
b. No one knows.
c. No one knows what problem may arise.
⑨a. Where is Tom?
b. Tell me.
c. Tell me where Tom is.
⑩a. Why was he absent?
b. We want to find out.
c. We want to find out why he was absent.
(11)a. Will he come?
b.I wonder whether he will come.
(12)a. Are they wrong?
b. May I know if they are wrong?
(13) The question is not whether our people will cooperate with our goverment but when they will do so.
(14) Jason says that he has no immediate plans to go abroad and that he won't try anything new in near future.
(15) I told Jim that he should create a good home environment, that he should have a room with good lighting, that he should allow enough hours for studying, and that he should not stay up without rhyme or reason.