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    【57】生动活泼的转化词 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:1153


     
     
    生动活泼的转化词

      英语的实词不但多义,而且同一词还可以属一种以上的词类。此外,从一种词类又可以转化为另一种词类,其中以⒈名词转化为动词、⒉动词转化为名词以及⒊形容词转化为动词,这三种最为普遍、最为生动。转化后的词具有该词基本的特性,因此转化名词有如真正名词,转化动词就像真正动词。

      ⒈名词→动词

      ① The workers found Bob's attitude hard to stomach.
      ② The parachutist had to nerve himself for the jump from his helicopter.
      ③ A few poor children had been dogging the tourists for some time.
      ④ Tuition schools have mushroomed for the last two years.
      ⑤ The traitor was knifed and stoned to death.
      ⑥ I leafed through a few pages of the book to see what it was about.
      ⑦ Personality clashes surfaced among some rival leaders.
      ⑧ Tom elbowed his way through the crowd.
      ⑨ It is impolite to ape one's superiors.
      ⑩ Delicious food made our mouths water.

      ⒉动词→名词

      ① The innocent girl was having a good cry.
      ② Active people are always on the go.
      ③ I often have a quiet read before going to bed.
      ④ People from all walks of life condemned a bad government.
      ⑤ Famine came in the wake of the drought.
      ⑥ The manager gave some lazy workers the sack.
      ⑦ Let me take a good look at these photos.
      ⑧ A visit to the Jurong Bird Park is a must for any tourist.
      ⑨ War is loathed by the haves and the have-nots.
      ⑩ If you have anything to discuss with me, don't hesitate to give me a ring.

      ⒊形容词→动词

      ① Don't idle away your precious time.
      ② Father's hair begins to grey.
      ③ How to quiet a fretful child?
      ④ We have no intention of seeing an innocent person humbled.
      ⑤ Something must be done to better the life of the underprivileged.
      ⑥ Language skills can be perfected by constant practice and regular reinforcement.
      ⑦ The robber wanted his victim to empty his pockets.
      ⑧ When the enemy's ships neared the land, our soldiers began to attack.
      ⑨ The man's muscles tensed as he saw the snake approaching him.
      ⑩ The hot weather soured the fresh milk.

      此外,有些形容词和其他词类也可以转化为名词。例如:

      ① The strong tend to bully the weak.
      ② Poor innocents deserve our greatest sympathy.
      ③Richard looked like a silly in such a situation.
      ④ The secretary knows the ins and outs of the matter.
      ⑤ Do you know the whys and wherefores of the accident?
      ⑥ Though a rich man now, Peter's earlier life was marked by ups and downs.

      上述这些转化名词,并未具有名词全部的特性。例如“the strong”和“the weak”形式是单数,意思是复数。还有④-⑥这些转化名词既有复数之形,也具复数之意。

    关键字:英语讲义