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    【54】具副词功能的过去分词短语 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:8905


     
     
    具副词功能的过去分词短语

      和现在分词及短语一样,过去分词(past participles)或过去分词短语(past participial phrases)也可以充当副词,修饰谓语动词。

      过去分词短语可以表达下列四种意思:

      ㈠方法或活动方式,如:

      ● He walked up and down, lost in thought.

      ● I sat before the desk until after mid-night, absorbed in writing.

      ● Surrounded by a host of fans, the film star left the airport excitedly.

      ㈡原因,如:

      ● Greatly disappointed, some staff decided to leave the place.

      ● Taken by surprise, the enemy surrendered.

        ㈢时间,如:

      ● Born and bred in a turbulent age, the older generation of people experienced all sorts of hardships.

      ● Thrown to the floor, the boy regained his footing a few minutes later.

        ㈣条件,如:

      ● Given more time, the slow learners would have done better.

      ● Criticised by someone else, Tony would not have flared up like that.

        除了直接修饰动词之外,过去分词或短语也可以和连词合组成短语,表示下列四种意思:

        ⒈由 when, whenever, while, until 等连词引导,表示“ 时间”,如:

      ● When asked about his previous job, Bill said he had been a motor mechanic.

      ● Susan seldom speaks in class until spoken to.

      ⒉由 where, wherever 连词引导,表示“地点”,如:

      ● Mosquitoes should be completely exterminated where found.

      ● Retirees in good health should be invited to return to work wherever needed.

      ⒊由 if, unless 引导,表示“条件”,如:

      ● If kept for too long, some medicines will lose their effectiveness.

      ● We have made a point of not attacking unless attacked.

      ⒋由 though, although, even though 连词引导,表示“让步 ”,如:

      ● Though warned of the danger, they still went mountaineering.

      ● Even though defeated for a second time, our team did not give up hope for the ultimate victory.

      此外,过去分词短语还可以和介词“with”或“without”连用,具副词作用。如:

      ● With the water pipe choked, there wasn't any more water for use.

      ● Without anything left in the kitchen, the Wangs decided to eat out.

      最后,过去分词短语,在适当情况下,可以有自己的主语而变成独立结构(the absolute construction),如:

      ● The old man listened, his head inclined to one side.

    关键字:英语讲义