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    【29】句子转折词的桥梁 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:4931


     
     
    句子转折词的桥梁

      “They are wasting resources, for example, time, energy and money.”

      上面这句话不错,只是转折词“for example”不妥当;应该这样:

      “They are wasting resources. For example, they use too much time, energy and money.”

      不然就要换一换转折词,改用“such as”或“like”:

      “They are wasting resources, such as (or like) time, energy and money.”

      不管任何语言,转折词(transitional words)都扮演着一个重要角色,就是:承先启后,使句子紧凑,段落相吸,对文章结构,有良性作用。但是有些人几乎没有采用转折词的习惯,结果文句松散,上下文七零八乱,应该避免。

      现在把主要转折词,分类列下,供大家参考。

      Ⅰ表示“尤有进者”的意思:

      Again, also, then, besides, further, furthermore, moreover, next, in addition等,如:

      ① Jason teaches diligently. Besides, he writes a lot.

      ② English is a useful language. For one thing, it is an official language in the UN. Then, it is widely used in business, science and technology.

      Ⅱ表示“反意见”:

      But, however, still, yet, after all, for all that, in spite of, on the contrary, on the other hand等,如:

      ③ Jim is intelligent but lazy.

      ④ Singapore is not a big country.On the contrary, it is very small.

      Ⅲ表示“困果关系”:

      Therefore, so, hence, thus, accordingly, consequently, as a result 等,如:

      ⑤ Some people are over-ambitious. As a result, they are usually unhappy.

      ⑥ Tom did not work hard; hence, he failed.

      Ⅳ表示“比较关系”:

      Likewise, similarly, in a like manner 等,如:

      ⑦ You cannot writes without a pen. Likewise, you cannot cook without rice.

      ⑧ No one is allowed to speak Mandarin in an English class. Similarly, no one is allowed to speak English in a Mandarin class.

      Ⅴ表示“举例示范”:

      For example, in other words, for instance, that is 等,如:

      ⑨ There are some common errors in his composition. For instance, it is wrong to use "he" to replace "the queen".

      Ⅵ表示“结束”:

      To sum up, in brief, in short, on the whole, to conclude 等,如:

      ⑩ Some say Singapore is a nice place to live in. Others say it is not so nice. It is too competitive. In short, some like Singapore; some do not.


    关键字:英语讲义