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【22】被动语态的动词 - 英语讲义
(1) a.My first visit to New Zealand will always be remembered by me.
b. I will always remember my first visit to New Zealand.
(2) a.The crowing of cocks could be heard at dawn.
b. The cocks' crow came with dawn.
虽然如此，在某些情况下，非用被动语态不可。前此已提过这事，这里不再重述。这里只有指出其中一点，就是有些动词，如 "base, schedule, expect, suppose" 等，通常以被动语态形式出现。
(1)This survey was based on facts.
(2)The last train is scheduled to leave at 9pm.
(3)You are expected to come on time.
(4)All are supposed to work hard.
(1)Helen's left lung is infected.
(2)He is confined to the house by illness.
(3)The old man was seized with sudden chest pains.
(4) I am completely exhausted after the game.
(5)Tom was done up after the race.
(6)The children were fascinated by the toys.
(7)We were delighted to hear the good news.
(8) I am very pleased to see you here.
(9)The workers were held up by the heavy rain.
(10)The road was blocked by ice.
(11)The train was delayed by 30 minutes.
(12)Tom is addicted to smoking.
(13)Foreign workers are quite used to hard work.
(14)Who was upset by John?
(15)Mother was annoyed to know this.
(16) I was surprised to see him here.
(17)All were shocked to hear the bad news.
(18)The troops were surrounded.
(19)Troy was besieged.
(20)Judy's reputation is tarnished.
(21)The water was contaminated with oil.
(22)All were frightened out of their wits.
(23)He was puzzled about what to do next.