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    【21】连接词及其用法 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:10904


     
     
    连接词及其用法

    在英语词类中,连接词可说是最容易掌握的一种。

      从结构上说,英语连接词分两大类:并列连词(coordinating conjunctions)和从属连词(subordinating conjunctions)。

      并列连词连接两个或两个以上地位平等的字、词组或分句。例如:(1) Air and water are indispensable to me.

      (2) She likes going out with friends or playing outdoor games.

      (3) Most workers have a good income, so they look very happy.

      从属连词连接两个或两个以上的分句,形成复杂句中的从属分句。例如:

      (4) He said that he did not want to go .

      (5) Many things have happened since I last saw him.

      (6) You may come if you want to.

      上述连词的用法,看起来不难,但错误也难免。下面是些好例子:

      (1) This book may be used both as a text as well as a reference book.

      这里的“as well as”和“both”不能搭配,应该将“as well ”改为“and”,使“both.......and......”变成关联连词( correlative conjunction)

      (2) He not only speaks Mandarin but also English.

      这里的“not only”应该移到“speaks”后面,使这个动词兼顾两个等立宾语:“Mandarin”和“English”。

      (3) Although he is fat, but he is very weak.

      英语里的“although”和“but”是不见面的 ,因此这句里的“ but”要去掉,不然“although”就要出来。

      (4) Jim is not so strong like you.

      这里的“not so”必须和“as”连成一体;介词“like”是不适宜的。

      (5) No sooner had we reached our destination, they left.

      "No sooner"必须和"than" 配成关联连词,把"than" 省掉是不对的,应该补上:

      No sooner had we reached our destination than they left.

      这句子的意思也可透过“as soon as”反映出来:

      “As soon as we reached our destination, they left.”

      (6) I took a taxi and which took me to the station.

      这里的并列连词“and”是多余的,必须去掉。如果要保留“and ”也可,但是形容词分句里的关系代词“Which”要改成主语“it” ,使整个句子变成并列分句如下:

      I took a taxi and it took me to the station.

      (7) My friend came up to me and held my hand, said good-bye excitedly.

      这里的“and”应该用来连接最后两个谓语才对:

      My friend came up to me, held my hand, and said good-bye excitedly.

      不然,就要把“said”改成“saying”。

      My friend came up to me and held my hand, saying good-bye excitedly.  


    关键字:英语讲义