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    【15】无须冠词的名词 - 英语讲义



    作者:欢乐鱼 阅读次数:2523


     
     
    无须冠词的名词

    一则征聘广告的结尾这样写:

      “Suitable candidates will be offered a very attractive terms which cannot be refused.”

      这句话的意思,一目了然,可惜其中有个不该有的语法错误;那就是“a very attractive terms”中的“terms”是个复数名词,不需要有冠词,和不定冠词“a”连用,更是不合语法规则。

      为了避免同样的错误出现,现在试把不需要冠词的场合列下,以作参考:

      ㈠复数名词,如:

      1. Doctors cure patients.

      2. Axes are tools for cutting wood.

      3. Those people are teachers, not students.

      ㈡物质名词,如:

      4. Gold is precious.

      5. Air is indispensable to animals.

      6. Electricity is a form of energy.

      ㈢抽象名词,如:

      7. Unity is strength.

      8. Knowledge is power.

      9. Samson is a man of bravery.

      ㈣有关餐食的名词,如:

      10. Dinner is ready.

      11. After lunch, you may take a nap.

      12. What do you eat for breakfast?

      ㈤有关四季的名词,如:

      13. I like autumn most.

      14. Do you have to teach in summer?

      15. Winter is over; will spring be far away?

      ㈥有关游戏和运动的名词,如:

      16. Fandi can play soccer very well.

      17. Do yo like to play chess?

      18. Is bridge a popular game here?

      ㈦有关疾病的名词,如:

      19. Old People tend to suffer from diabetes.

      20. Many women are inflicted with rheumatism.

      ㈧有关学科或带“-ism”后缀的名词,如:

      21. Mathematics and physics are difficult subjects.

      22. Which do you prefer, imperialism or communism?

      ㈨在“by + 交通工具”的片语里,如:

      23. Shall we walk or go by bus?

      24. The tourists came by plane.

      25. Do you like to travel by land or by sea?

      ㈩关于“人、节日、地理、建筑物、语言”等的专有名词,如:

      26. Tony wants to see Susan.

      27. Christmas is a widely celebrated festival.

      28. Europe is more advanced than Africa.

      29. Do you know where Buckingham Palace is?

      30. Is Japanese similiar to Chinese?

      上述是无须冠词的例句,但当专有名词之前有修饰语时,可以用定冠词(例(31)-(32));当抽象名词被形容词、短语或分句修饰时,也可以有适当的冠词(例(33)-(36)):

      31. Caesar was an ancient hero. Do you admire the great Caesar and his deeds?

      32. We enjoy reading the great works written by the immortal Shakespeare.

      33. A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.

      34. The wisdom of Solomon was recorded in history.

      35. Tom showed a courage worthy of special mention.

      36. I find it hard to forget the generosity with which David treated me.

    关键字:英语讲义