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    《新概念英语》学习指南



    作者: 阅读次数:5799


     
     
    《新概念英语》学习指南

    《新概念英语》(New Concept English)作为享誉全球的最为经典地道的英语教材,以其严密的体系性、严谨的科学性、精湛的实用性、浓郁的趣味性深受英语学习者的青睐,《新概念英语》在中国有 30多年的历史,每年有数百万学习者,早已成为英语学习者的必选读物。我们抛弃以往只将《新概念英语》作为单一的泛读教材的模式,代之以全新独到的、大信息量的联想式的教学方法,多角度、全方位的教学手段,辅以丰富多彩、新颖实用的补充材料,逐步培养学员听、说、读、写、译等五大基本技能,充分发挥学生的英语学习潜力,使学员经过一定阶段的培训之后,英语水平与基本技能会有一个质的飞跃。

    *一册基础班:学习英语的敲门砖(First Thing First)讲练基本语音、语调(包括所有的音标、连读、同化)及英语中的基本语法、词法、句法及句型结构知识。学好第一册,是练好英语基本功的关键,适合于英语基础差,欲在短期内掌握英语基础的学习者。如能50%完成以下测试请进入第一册学习,90%正确率可选择学第二册。

    I  Look at this:
    阅读以下例句:
    I am tried.        He is tired.
    White these again. Begin each sentence with He.
    改写下面的句子,用He作句子的主语。
    1. I am going to telephone him.                                      
    2. I can go with her.                                                
    3. I have a new car.                                                
    4. I like ice cream.                                                 
    5. I was at school yesterday.                                         
    6. I don’t live here.                                                

    II  Look at this:

    阅读以下例句:
    There is a pencil on the desk.      There are some pencils on the desk.
    Write these again. Begin each sentence with There are……
    改写下面的句子,将There are 置于句首。
    1.      There is a watch on the table.
    2.      There is a knife near that tin.
    3.      There is a policeman in the kitchen.
    4.      There is a cup on the table.
    5.      There is a letter on the shelf.
    6.      There is a fish in the cupboard.
    7.      There is a tree in the garden.
    8.      There is a boat on the river.

    III  Put a, some or any:
    a,some 或any 填空:

    1. I have      new car.                 
    2. Do you want       bread?                 
    3. No, I don’t want      bread.
    4. I want      tea.                         
    5.I want       biscuits, too.

    IV  Put in, at , from or on:
    in,at,from或on填空:
    1. He is going to telephone        five o’clock.
    2. My birthday is        May 21st.
    3. It is always cold        February.
    4. They always do their homework         the evening.
    5. Can you come       Monday?

    V  Put in across, over, between, off, along, in, on, into, out of, or under:
    across, over ,between, off, along, in, on, into, out of 或 under 填空:
    1. The aero plane is flying               the village.
    2. The ship is going              the bridge.
    3. The boy is swimming              the river.
    4. Two cats are running            the wall.
    5. My books are                the shelves.
    6. The bottle of milk is             the refrigerator.

    7. The boy I jumping             the branch.
    8. Mary is sitting            her mother and her father.
    9. It is 9.0 o’clock. The children are going               class.
    10. It is 4.0 o’clock. The children are coming            class.

    VI  Look at this:
    阅读以下例句:
    Take……            He is taking his book.
    Do these in the same way:
    模仿例句完成以下句子:
    1. Shine……     The sun is          
    2. Shave……     My father is         
    3. Run……      They are              across the park.
    4. Put……       He is            on his coat.
    5. Come……     I am             

    VII  Look at this:
    阅读以下例句:
    He is sitting in an armchair.
    QUESTION:   Is he sitting in a armchair?
    QUESTION:   Where is he sitting?
    NEGATIVE:   He isn’t sitting in an armchair.
    Do these in the same way:
    模仿例句提问,并作出否定的回答:
    1. There is a newspaper on the desk.
    Q:                        Q: What                          N:                         
    2. He wants a new car.
    Q:                        Q: What                          N:                          
    3. They must go home now.
    Q:                        Q: When                          N:                          

    *二册初级班:构建英语的基石(Practice and Progress)在掌握一册语法知识的基础上,由浅入深、逐步讲解语法要点,使你轻松掌握枯燥的语法;通过对句型想方设法的分析及对词汇、短语的讲解,使你在听、说、读中能真正运用地道的句型。

        《新概念英语》第二册旨在全面训练学生的4项技能、理解、口语、阅读、写作。使学生具有使用语言的能力。一般来说,具有以下知识便可进入《新概念英语》第二册的学习。

    1、动词be与have现在时与过去时的基本用法。
    2、现在进行时,能够识别并懂得如何构成。
    3、一般现在时:能够识别;懂得动词第3人称单数上添加-s, -es, 或 -ies后缀。
    4、一般过去时:能够识别并会运用常见的规划动词与不规则动词的一般过去时形态。
    5、过去进行时:能够识别。
    6、现在完成时(一般):能够识别。
    7、过去完成时:能够识别。
    8、将来时:能够认识并运用going to, shall与will构成将来时。
    9、助动词:can, may与must的基本用法;能够识别could, might与would的形式。
    10、能够用do/does/did等助动词造疑问句与否定句;能运用疑问代词与副词。
    11、能够回答以助动词与疑问词开头的问句。
    12、副词:能够用-ly与-ily后缀组成副词;能够识别well, hard, fast等特例。
    13、冠词:定冠词与不定冠词。懂得a/an/the的基本用法;some, any, no, much, many, a lot of 接可数、不可数名词的用法。
    14、名词:能够用-s, -es,-ves后缀组成名词复数形式;会用常见的不规则复数形式:men, women, children, teeth r等形式。
    15、代词:人称代词、所有格代词、反身代词;所有符号“'”加s('s)。
    16、形容词:基本用法;规则的比较级;不规则的比较级:good, bad, much与little.
    17、介词:常见的地点、时间、方位介词的用法。
    18、关系代词:能够识别并使用who/whom, which/that。
    19、this/that; these/those。
    20、省略形式:it's, I'm, isn't, didn't等。
    21、There is/it is; there are/they are。
    22、祈使句。
    23、一周7天的名称、日期、季节、数字、时辰(今天、昨天、明天等)。
    24、报时。

    *三册提高班:掌握英语的关键(Developing Skills)着重分析句子之间内在的逻辑关系,使你认识到句型的精炼、优美、实用与可模仿性,从而将其有机地运用于英语写作之中;老师将进一步扩充讲解词汇、短语及语法的实战运用。

      具备3000个左右的词汇,或已完成《新概念英语》第二册学习的学员可进行《新概念英语》第三册的学习。能够独立完成下测试的学员亦可开始《新概念英语》的第三册提高班学习。

    A. Supply the correct form of has to or should in these sentences.
    1. I'm sorry I couldn't get here on time. I       (go) to the bank.
    2. I        (go) to the dentist yesterday but I forgot all about it.
    3.we         (begin) work at 9 o'clock but we never do.

    B. Supply the correct form of can or able to in the following.
    1.        you show me the way to the station following.
    2. I gave him a few lessons and he         soon swim.
    3. They        jump into the sea before the boat sank.
    4. You       not leave this room until you get permission.

    C. Supply the missing words in these sentences.
    1. There will be a dance tonight        the Green Park Hotel.
    2. The players        our them are all        red shirts.
    3. He returned         England       August 10th.
    4. I'll meet you         the corner         Wednesday.
    5. He's incapable       controlling the class.
    6. He is not interested       anything outside his work.
    7.I don't want to be involved         this unpleasant affair.
    8. He failed       his attempt to reach the top of the mountain.

    D. Give the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.
        I crossed the street avoid       (meet) him, but he saw me and came         
    (run) towards me .It was no use      (pretend) that I had not seen him, so I waved to him. I never enjoy     (meet) Nigel Dykes. No matter how busy you are, he always insists on       (come) with you, I had to think of a way of       (prevent) him from      (follow) me around all morning.
    'Hello, Nigel,' I said. 'Fancy       (meet) you r here! '
    Hi, Elizabeth,’ Nigel answered, ‘I was just wondering how to spend the morning—until I saw you. You're not busy       (do) anything, are you?’
    No, not at all', I answered. 'I 'm going to …’
    Would you mind my       (come) with you?’he asked, before I Had finish    
    (speak).  

    E. Give the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.
        Though people have often laughed at stories told by seamen, it now      (know) that many ‘monsters’ which at times      (sight) are simply strange fish. Occasionally, unusual creatures      (wash) to the shore, but they rarely     (catch) out at sea. Some time ago, however, a peculiar fish       (catch) near Madagascar. A small fishing boat      (carry) miles out to sea by the powerful fish as it pulled on the line. When it eventually     (bring) to shore, it     (find) to a museum where it       (examine) by a scientist,        (call) ran oafish. Such creatures rarely      (see) alive by man as they live at a depth of six hundred feet.

    F. Give the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.
        I tried to wake up my wife by       (ring)the doorbell, but she was fast asleep, so I got a ladder from the shed in the garden, put is against the wall, and began      (climb) towards the bedroom window, I was almost there when a sarcastic voice below said, ‘I don't think the windows need      (clean) at this time of the night.’I looked down and nearly fell off the ladder when I saw a policeman. I immediately regretted      (answer) in the way I did, but I said, ‘I enjoy      (clean) windows at night.’‘So do I’, answered the policeman in the same tone. ‘Excuse my       (interrupt) you. I hate    (interrupt) a man when he's busy      (work),but would you mind       (come) with me to the station?’
        ‘Well, I'd prefer       (stay) here,’I said. ‘You see,  I've forgotten my key’.

    *四册高级班:体味英语的精髓(Fluency in English)四册涵盖了文化、经济、哲学、艺术、体育、政治、美学、心理学、社会学、教育学、伦理学、天文学等三十多个学科门类,语言文字精美独到,句型结构复杂多变而又不失简洁酣畅。同时诸多文章里蕴涵着深厚的哲思、美学及西方文化中独特的思维方式,这使得该教材成为每一位欲真正掌握英语语言精华的学习者不可多得、不可不学的教材。教师将与你共同体味其中的奥妙。

                                     课文注释精选

         以下课文注释摘自《新概念英语》第二册和第三册,学员背记时请参照的原文加以理解,我们希望这些课文注释对大家有所帮助。

    1)a large crowd of  一大群

    2)never pay it back 从不归还

    3)at large 是介词短词,此处表示“逍遥自在”,“行动自由”的意思。

    4)wake up with a start…由于受到惊动,惊醒了。冒号后面是一个解释性的句子, 是对start所作具体说明。

    5)the goddess turned out to be… 那位女神原来是…

    6)all parts of  the country,全国各地

    7)People who work  in offices are frequently referred to as ‘while-collar workers’,那些坐在办公室的人为“白领工人”。White-collar workers往往指脑力劳动者,体力劳动者则被称为blue-collar  worker, 蓝领工人。

    8)apart from 除……以外

    9)ask for a lift  要求搭车

    10)I know that my turn had come 我知道这次轮到了。

    11)The monks prefer winter to summer, 修道院喜欢冬天而不喜欢夏天。Prefer…to…有“喜欢……而不喜欢……的”的意思,to的前后要用名词或动名词的来表示所对比的事物或活动。

    12)have……in common 有……共同之处。

    13)In a dreadful state乱七八糟,混乱透了。

    14)What a pity 真遗憾。

    15)I often fish for hours without catching anything.我经常一钓数小时却一无所获。这句话中的catching也是动名词,它作介词所表示发生的谓词动词之前,因此,动名词要有物完成形式,即having spent.

    16)be named after sb. 以某人的名字命名。

    17)rise to fame, 成名。

    18)Work on it had begun……,住宅的建设在……就开始了。work是名词,作主词,it指房屋。

    19)late in the afternoon 快到傍晚的时候。

    20)One of those rare people who believes in ancient myths, 少有的相信古代神话的人之一。其中who believes in ancient myths是一个从句,起定词作用,修饰one是单号,因此,从句中需用单数动词。Of  those rare people是另外一个定词,也是修饰one.

    21)call at 拜访,也可用call on.

    22)play a joke on …拿…开玩笑。

    23)In sight 可以看到,反义词为out of sight.

    24)Would turn at the idea of …此处作“恶心”,“作呕”解。At the idea of是“想到……”的意思。

    25)be free from…作“不受…影响”解,后面常接pain(痛苦),trouble(苦恼)danger(危险)的名词。

    26)settle down in the country, 在乡下定居。

    27)It seems certain.看起来肯定。

    28)first of all.首先

    29)No one could account for the fact that …谁也弄不清…这样一个事实。account for有碍“说明原因”的意思;that后面的从句用来进一步说明这个“事实”本身,在语法上称作同位语。

    30)catch 22左右为难。

    31)cigarette ends.烟头

    32)What a mess!真是糟糕透了,真狼狈。

    33)registered letter挂号信

    34)play a joke on拿……开玩笑

    35)SOS=“Save Our Souls”国际通用的呼救信号。

    36)make every effort尽一切努力。

    37)and you didn't notice anything unusual?难道你没有注意有什么异常情况?这是陈述句加问号表示的问句。

    38)take the lead 领先 lose one's lead, 失去领先地位。

    39)be free from…作“不受影响”解,后面常接part(痛苦)trouble(苦恼)danger(危险)一类的词语。

    40)Go to grate lengths to do sth.竭力做某事。

    41)Stay up 熬夜,不睡觉

    42)Reduce you to tears.使你流泪。

    43)Draw attention to …作“引起对…注意”讲。

    44)Rush hour上下班时间。

    45)Muster up courage 鼓起勇气

    46)In black and white 白纸黑字

    47)CD-ROM是compact disc read - only memory的缩写

    48)As it were“可以说”,是插入语

    49)Mobile phone移动式电话,俗物“大哥大”。

    50)Skeleton key万能钥匙