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    英语单词构词法 (2)词根



    作者: 阅读次数:5454


     
     
    1) aer, ar, 含义是“空气,大气” aeroplane, aerial,
    2) ag, act, ig, 含义是“做,动作” active, agent, reaction,
    3) alt, 含义是“高”, altitude,
    4) alter, altern, altr, 含义是“其它,变更” alternate,
    5) bio, bi, bion, 含义是“生物,生命” biology, bionics(仿生学)
    6) brev, bri, brief, 含义是“短” brief, abbreviation, abridge(节略)
    7) cap, capt, cept, cip, 含义是“取,获” capture, except, concept, capacity
    8) ced, ceed, cess, 含义是“行,让步” proceed, succeed, excess(过度)
    9) centr, centr, 含义是“中心” concentrate, eccentric(偏心的)
    10) clain, clam, 含义是“呼喊” claim, proclaim, exclaim
    11) clos, clud, 含义是“闭合” conclude, enclose, include
    12) col, cult, 含义是“耕耘” colony, cultivate, agriculture
    13) cor, cord, 含义是“心” cordial, record, accord
    14) curr, cur, cour, 含义是“跑,动作” current, occur, concurrence(同时发生)
    15) dic, dict, 含义是“说,示” dictate, edit, indicate, predict
    16) doc, doct, 含义是“教” doctor, document
    17) duc, duct含义是“引导,传导” introduce, produce, conduct, deduct( 推论)
    18) fact, fac, fect, dic, dit, 含义是“做,创造” factory, effect, profit, faculty, perfect
    19) fend, fens, 含义是“打,击” defence, offence
    20) fer, 含义是“搬运,移转” ferry, transfer, defer(迟延)
    21) fin, finit, 含义是“终,极” final, finish, confine
    22) firm, 含义是“坚固” firm, confirm, affirm(断定)
    23) fix, 含义是“固定” prefix, affix(附加)
    24) flect, flex, 含义是“弯曲” flexible, reflex
    25) flor, flour, flower, 含义是“花” flower, flourish
    26) form, 含义是“形” uniform, formula, transform, reform, deform
    27) forc, fort, 含义是“力,强度” force, enforce, effort
    28) gen, genit, 含义是“生产,发生” generate, generation
    29) gram, graph, 含义是“书写,记录” telegram, diagram, photograph
    30) grad, gress, gred, gree, 含义是“步,阶段” gradually, degree, progress
    31) hab, habit, hibit, 含义是“保持,住” inhabit, exhibit, prohibit
    32) her, hes, 含义是“粘附” adhere, cohesion
    33) ject, jet, 含义是“抛射” project, inject
    34) jour, 含义是“日,一天” journal(日记), journey, adjourn(延期)
    35) jug, junct, 含义是“结合,连合” conjunction, junction(连合)
    36) labour, labor, 含义是“劳动,工作” labourer, elaborate, collaborate
    37) lect, leg, lig, 含义是“挑选,采集” collect, select, lecture
    38) lif, liv, 含义是“生活,生存” life, alive, live
    39) loc, 含义是“场所,位置” location, dislocate(脱位)
    40) long, leng, ling, 含义是“长的” length, prolong, linger
    41) loqu, locut, 含义是“说话” colloquial, eloquent,
    42) mand, mend, 含义是“命令” command, demand, recommend
    43) man, manu, 含义是“手,手法” manage, manual
    44) memor, menber, 含义是“记忆” memory, remember, memorial
    45) mind, ment, 含义是“心” mind, remind, mental
    46) merc, merch, 含义是“贸易” commerce, merchant
    47) meas, mens, meter, metr, 含义是“测量,度量” measure, meter, diameter
    48) min, 含义是“小” diminish, minority
    49) miss, mit, 含义是“派遣,送” mission, dismiss, transmit, missile
    50) mob, mot, mov, 含义是“动” movement, motion, mobile, remove
    51) nect, nex, 含义是“捆扎” connect, disconnect, annex(合并)
    52) not, 含义是“记号,注意” note, denote, annotation(注释)
    53) onom, onym, 含义是“名字” synonym, antonym, anonymous
    54) pair, par, 含义是“a)相同,对等b)准备” compare, prepare
    55) pel, puls, 含义是“追逐” expel, impel(推进)
    56) pend, pens, pond, 含义是“悬挂” depend, independent, expense(支付)
    57) phon, 含义是“声音” symphony, telephone, microphone
    58) plac, 含义是“位置,场所” place, replace
    59) peopl, popul, publ, 含义是“人民,民众” public, republic, popular, people
    60) port, 含义是“搬运” export, import, deport(输送)
    61) press, 含义是“压,压制” pressure, express, oppress, impression
    62) prob, proof, prov, 含义是“实验,验证” prove, approve,
    63) quer, quest, quir, quis, 含义是“寻找,探问” inquiry, question, inquisition(调查,追究)
    64) rang, rank, 含义是“排列” arrange, rank,
    65) rect, right, rig, 含义是“正,直” correct, direct, erect
    66) riv, 含义是“河流,流远”,river, arrive, derive
    67) rupt, 含义是“破坏,毁坏” eruption, bankrupt, corruption
    68) sci, 含义是“认识,知识” science, conscious
    69) scrib, script, 含义是“书写,记录” describe, script
    70) sens, sent, 含义是“感觉,情感” sensation, sentiment
    71) sign, 含义是“标记,符号” signal, signature, design
    72) sembl, simil, 含义是“相似,类似” similar, resemble, assimilate(同化)
    73) soci, 含义是“结合,社交” social, association
    74) spec, spect, spitc, spis, 含义是“看,视” inspect, spectator, conspicuous, respect
    75) struct, 含义是“建筑,构造” structure, construct, instruct, destruction
    76) tect, teg, 含义是“遮蔽,掩盖” detect, protect
    77) temp, tens, 含义是“时间,时机” tense, contemporary, temporal
    78) tend, tes, tent, 含义是“倾向, 伸张” tendency, intension, extend, intend
    79) test, 含义是“证明,证实” testify, protest, contest(争论)
    80) text, 含义是“编织, 构成” textile, texture, context
    81) tract, trail, 含义是“拖拉,吸引” attract, tractor, abstract, contract(收缩)
    82) tribut, 含义是“给予” contribution, distribute
    83) us, ut, 含义是“用,使用” usable, utilize, abuse
    84) vac, van, 含义是“空,虚” vacancy, vanity, evacuate(清空)
    85) vad, vas, wad, 含义是“走,去” invade, wade, evade(逃避)
    86) vers, vert, 含义是“旋转,反转” convert, inversion(倒转), reverse, divert(使转向)
    87) vid, vis, vey, view, 含义是“观看,看见” television, visible, evident, interview, survey
    88) viv, vit, 含义是“生,活” vivid, vital, survival,
    89) war, ward, 含义是“注意,保护” aware, wary(谨慎), ward(守护)
    90) way, 含义是“路” way, away, subway, always