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    专门替中国人写的英语语法书!



    作者:龙为行客 阅读次数:4582


     
     
    有些问题,答案只有〝Yes〞或〝No〞,以下是一些例子。
    原来句子 问句
    I am a boy. Am I a boy?
    He has a car. Does he have a car?
    I gave him three books. Did I give him three books?
    He cannot work. Can he work?
    He has not seen me. Has he seen me?
    They like your novel. Do They like your novel?
    The sun sets in the west. Does the sunset in the west?
    They are good teachers. Are they good teachers?
    He will not go to a concert tonight. Will he go to a concert tonight?
    He is going to swim. Is he going to swim?
    They must eat vegetables. Must they eat vegetables?
    They have to go. Do they have to go?
    I walked two kilometers yesterday. Did I walk two kilometers yesterday?
    It is raining now. Is it raining now?
    根据以上的例子,我们可以归纳乘以下的规则:
    (1) 凡动词是verb to be的,变成问句时,动词移到主词前面去。
    例子:
    原来句子 问句
    You are a girl. Are you a girl?
    He was a teacher. Was he a teacher?
    They were all old. Were they all old?
    This song is beautiful. Is this song beautiful?
    Peter is a good student. Is Peter a good student?
    (2) 动词不是verb to be,也没有助动词,改成问句时,必须加助动词do或他的变形,这个助动词必须在主词的前面。
    例子:
    原来句子 问句
    I like music. Do I like music?
    He likes sports. Does he like sports?
    Peter went to America. Did Peter go to America?
    He ate three apples last night. Did he eat three apples last night?
    Her mother calls her every week. Does her mother call her every week?
    (3) 句子中间如已有助动词,改成问句时,只要将助动词移到主动词前面即可。
    例子:
    原来句子 问句
    He did not eat. Did he eat?
    He has gone to America. Has he gone to America?
    She can dance. Can she dance?
    I will see you tonight. Will I see you tonight?
    They are going to Washington. Are they going to Washington?
    我们的问句中,当然也可已有否定的意义,比方说,我们可以问:
    你不喜欢音乐吗?
    他不是你的弟弟吗?
    你从未见过他?
    英文句子也可以如此,例如:
    Don’t you like music?
    Doesn’t he play piano?
    Aren’t you his brother?
    Isn’t he a good student?
    Didn’t he go to school?
    Hasn’t he lived here?
    Won’t he leave tomorrow?
    注意,这时not通常和动词连在一起了。
    有一件事,是我们中国人必须注意的,假如有人问你:
    你不喜欢音乐吗?
    而你本人的确也不喜欢音乐,你会回答说:
    是,我不喜欢音乐。
    也就是说,我们中国人的回答是顺着问句的。问句说你不喜欢,我们同意他的说法,所以前面加一个〝是〞。假设我喜欢音乐,我会回答说: