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    专门替中国人写的英语语法书!



    作者:龙为行客 阅读次数:864


     
     
    B: No, he (do not). Smoking has never (try) by him.
    9. Was the book (write) by him?
    10. I (buy) three books lately. One (write) by Graham Greene.
    I (finish) reading it. There (be) many interesting stories in it.
    【练习三十七】
    改错:
    1. *This is a book which wrote by Dickens.
    2. *Are the music enjoyed by those elderly people?
    3. *When are you visited by your father yesterday?
    4. *This book written by John.
    5. *He is invited to come to my home by my father yesterday.
    6. *This house is built in 1913.
    7. *This letter was wrote by him.
    8. *This letter has never finished.
    9. *Was you given a book?
    10. *I have never called by my father. I always call him first.

    第九章 动词如何转换成名词
    动名词(Gerund)和不定词(Infinitive)
    9§1 问题的来源
    对我们说中文的人而言,一个字究竟是动词,还是名词,其实是很少人知道的,对一般人而言,〝唱歌〞是动词,但是如果我们说,〝唱歌是有益的〞,我们又发现〝唱歌〞其实也是名词。〝我爱唱歌〞,这句话中,〝唱歌〞也是名词。
    英文就不同了,英文里很少有一个字,又是动词,又是名词的,sing是动词,绝不能当很名词用。怪不得有很多中国人会说
    *Sing is good for you. 或者是 *I like sing.
    既然sing是动词,也没有一个〝sing〞的名词,怎么办呢?英文解套的办法很有趣,他们用动名词(gerund)和不定词(infinitive)来将一个动词改成一个名词。
    9§2 动名词(Gerund)
    所谓动名词,乃是将一个动词,字尾加上ing,一夜之间,这个动词就可以当作名词用了。请看以下的例子:
    I like singing.
    Playing basketball is good for you.
    Do you enjoy listening to classical music?
    Is traveling around the world meaningful to you?
    Studying English is not difficult.
    我们不妨将动名词的用法分一下类:
    1.动名词可用作主词,如
    Playing tennis is enjoyed by many people.
    Taking drugs is avoided by most people.
    Being kind to others is important for every one.
    Respecting your parents shows good character.
    2.动名词可以用作动词的受词,如
    I enjoy studying English.
    He does not mind walking long distances.
    I have never enjoyed being alone in my life.
    He loves swimming.
    3.动名词可以用作介系词(preposition)的受词,英文里有很多介系词,at, in, about, of, on等等都是介系词,介系词后面必定跟一个名词,也是它的受词,举例来说
    on the table
    in my home
    about Hitler
    of my life
    on this island
    各位一定注意到,每一个介系词后面都有一个名词,作为它的受词。
    动名词是可以作为介系词的受词的,如:
    This book is about traveling.
    He is responsible for cleaning the kitchen.
    My brother is capable of writing programs.