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    专门替中国人写的英语语法书!



    作者:龙为行客 阅读次数:7969


     
     
    3.*I made my friend to discuss his problem with me.
    4.*I had my son to get up early every morning.
    5.*I helped my father painted his house.
    6.*I had my brother to carry this heavy luggage for me.
    7.*I had Mary to marry me.
    8.*This song makes everyone to cry.
    9.*I helped Nancy worked hard.
    10.*He made us to believe him.
    11.*I saw him to play.
    12.*I heard Mary sang several songs.
    13.*I watched her to swim.
    14.*I saw the birds to fly away.

    第十章 如何将动词改成形容词
    我们中文里,一个字有时是动词,有时却又可以用作形容词,最著名的例子是〝微笑老萧〞(萧万长院长的外号)〝微笑〞应该是动词,可是在这里,显然〝微笑〞是形容词。〝哭泣〞通常是动词,可是我们也可以说〝哭泣的孩子〞。也难怪我们常见到以下错误的英文句子:
    * a smile face
    * a run boy
    需知smile和cry都是动词,是不能当作形容词来用的。
    可是,更糟糕的是以下句子:〝住在台湾的人很有钱〞,我们很多人会说
    * People live in Taiwan are rich.
    以上的话为什么错呢?因为People是主词,are是动词,live in Taiwan形容people,可是live是一个动词,不能用作形容词的。怎么办呢?我们可以将一个动词用成一个形容词,我们的做法是利用分词(participle)和不定词(infinitive),而分词有两种:现在分词(present participle)和过去分词(past participle),我们在下一节,先谈现在分词的用法。
    10§1 现在分词(present participle)作为形容词
    任何一个动词,都有一个现在分词(present participle),现在分词的形式是在动词后面加上ing,如:
    laughing
    crying
    walking
    swimming
    running
    以下的例子中,现在分词都是形容词
    a crying baby
    a smiling girl
    an exciting story
    running water
    a running boy
    a rising star
    现在分词不一定放在名词的前面,在以下的句子中,现在分词都在名词的后面
    a person walking in the woods
    the young man running very fast
    people living in Taiwan
    the person driving that red car
    the singer singing the national anthem(国歌)
    the boys playing in the fields
    the young boy swimming in the pool
    以下句子中的现在分词,都被用作形容词。
    We have a crying baby here.
    Seeing is believing.(believing是形容词,seeing是名词)
    Loving is forgiving.
    He always wears a smiling face.
    Running water is important for mankind.
    Look at the rising sun.
    The person swimming in that cold river is quite strong.
    The young man driving the red car is rich.
    Those boys playing basketball are happy.
    This movie is exciting.
    This news is very upsetting.
    This story is troubling.