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    专门替中国人写的英语语法书!



    作者:龙为行客 阅读次数:974


     
     
    I have been to the house where Charles Dickens lived.
    (我曾去过狄更司住过的房子)
    I don't remember the year when the Second World War broke out.
    (我不记得二次世界大战哪一年爆发的)
    Let me know the date when you got married.(让我知道你是哪一天结婚的)
    I bought the car which Michael Johnson drove.(我下了麦克强森开的车子)
    The storm which hit India last week is very strong.
    (上周袭击印度的暴风雨是很强烈的)
    I thank all of you who helped me.(我要谢谢所有帮助过我的人)
    The girl whom you met last night works in a library.
    (你昨晚碰到的女孩子在一个图书馆里工作)
    The students whom you taught like you very much.(那些你教过的学生很喜欢你)
    I like the professor who taught me English.(我喜欢那位教我英文的老师)
    In this country, there are a lot of students who go to school by bus.
    (这个国家有很多学生搭乘公车上学)
    Have you heard about the murder case that occurred last night?
    (你有没有听到有关昨天晚上发生的谋杀案?)
    Those who love others will be loved by others.(爱人者人恒爱之)
    He is a person whom everyone is talking about these days.(他是大家最近在讨论的人)
    The party which I went to is interesting.(我去参加的宴会很有趣)
    The professor whom I spoke to is very friendly.(这位我和他谈话的教授很和善)
    Russia, which this island belongs to, is a big country.
    (这个岛屿属于俄国,俄国是一个大的国家)
    请注意以上最后的四个句子,它们有一个共同的特性,那就是子句的最后一个字是一个介系词(preposition),我们先看第一个句子:
    He is a person whom everyone is talking about these days.
    这一句话可以分成两个句子来讲
    He is a person.
    Everyone is talking about him these days.
    因此我们将这两句话合并而成为
    He is a person whom everyone is talking about these days.
    在正式的英文中,我们必须说:
    He is a person about whom everyone is talking these days.
    再看下一句:
    The party Which I went to is interesting.
    这句话也可以分成两句来讲:
    The party is interesting.
    I went to the party.
    因此我们将两个句子合并为一个句子:
    The party which I went to is interesting.
    正式的讲法应该是
    The party to which I went is interesting.
    同理,在正式英文中,其它二个名词子句中的介系词,也应该放到前面去:
    The professor to whom I spoke is very friendly.
    Russia, to which this island belongs, is a big country.
    我们还有一点必须在此指出,请看以下错误的句子:
    *I like the book which you gave it to me.
    以上句子中的it是多余的,因为gave的受词是which,不需要加it。
    以下的句子都是错的:
    *He is the person whom everyone loves him.
    *He is not the person whom you saw him.
    【练习五十三】
    将以下句子译成英文:(用形容词子句)
    1. 我见到那位开快车的孩子。
    2. 我们在讨论那些有问题的学生。
    3. 每天游泳的人一定很强壮。
    4. 开车送我去火车站的人是我的学生。
    5. 你所看到的女孩子是我的妹妹。