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    专门替中国人写的英语语法书!



    作者:龙为行客 阅读次数:772


     
     
    fire
    air
    metal
    tea
    coffee
    bread
    butter
    如果这些物质名词泛指一般的东西,前面是不要加冠词的,例如
    Drinking water is important.
    Don't play with fire.
    We need air to breath.
    There is metal in this device.
    I don't drink tea.
    I like coffee.
    Father brings bread and butter home every day.
    一旦物质名词指特定的东西,前面就要加冠词,例如:
    The water in this city is polluted.
    There was a fire near our home last night.
    The air in this town is getting worse and worse.
    Copper is a metal.
    The tea from India is very popular in England.
    专有名词,一般说来都不要加冠词的:
    Mary is from Canada.
    John got married last month.
    Taiwan is an island.
    England is in Europe.
    France is a nice country to visit.
    Russia is a large country.
    Park Street is the main street in this city.
    Go to Taipei first.
    Sun Moon Lake is a beautiful lake.
    January is often very cold here.
    Sunday is a day for resting.
    Spring is the best season.
    Mt. Everest is in Europe.
    President Kennedy died when he was young.
    King George was considered a mad king.
    Queen Elizabeth visited Australia recently.
    可惜的是,英文中专有名词仍有要加the的,我们将试着将这些例外写成规则,但这种规则一定挂一漏万,读者如要知道何种情况要加冠词,何种情况不加冠词,惟一的办法是多读英文的文章,慢慢地就会了解什么情形该用冠词,什么情形不用冠词。
    哪些专门名词前面仍要加冠词the呢?
    (1) 河流,海洋,沙漠,海峡,海湾等等专有名词的前面都要加the。
    the Hudson River (赫德森河)
    the Rhine River (莱茵河)
    the Yellow River (黄河)
    the River Thames (泰唔士河)
    the Amazon River (亚马孙河)
    the Pacific Ocean (太平洋)
    the Red Sea (红海)
    the Mediterranean Sea (地中海)
    the Baltic Sea (波罗的海)
    the Atlantic Ocean (大西洋)
    the Sahara Desert (撒哈拉大沙漠)
    the Gobi Desert (戈壁大沙漠)
    the Taiwan Straits (台湾海峡)
    the English Channel (英吉利海峡)
    the Manila Bay (马尼拉海湾)
    the Bay of Tokyo (东京湾)
    the Persian Gulf (波斯湾)