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    专门替中国人写的英语语法书!



    作者:龙为行客 阅读次数:1245


     
     
    〝I miss you and the food you cooked for me.〞
    等四个句子都是目前存在的事实,所以要用现在式。
    现在我们不妨看一下冠词的情形,我们可以看到很多地方都用了the,如:
    the Taipei Train Station
    the afternoon
    the station
    the university
    the dormitory cafetervia
    the dormitory
    the food
    the food you cooked for me
    各位读者一定可以注意到在the后面的名词都有所指,举例来说,the university指那所作者要去念的大学,他的妈妈知道他所说的是那一所大学。The dormitory指那间他已搬进去住的宿舍。凡是有所指的名词前面,原则上都应该加the。
    哪里用了〝a〞呢?注意,我们用了两次
    a taxi
    a very old one
    读者应该不难看出为什么这里我们不能用the,而一定要用a。
    (2)
    Mary: "Hello, this is Mary. Who is calling?"
    John: "Hi, this is John. How are you?"
    Mary: "I am doing fine. In fact, I am studying for the final examination now."
    John: "Oh, I am sorry. When will the exam be over?"
    Mary: "This Friday."
    John: "Then, can we have dinner Friday evening?"
    Mary: "OK, where are we going to eat?"
    John: "How about the Chinese restaurant called Four Seasons?"
    Mary: "That is all right with me. When do we meet?"
    John: "How about six o'clock?"
    Mary: "That's it. See you Friday evening at 6 o'clock at the Four Seasons."
    这一篇短文主要的目的在于介绍所谓现在进行式。
    Who is calling.
    I am doing fine.
    I am studying for the final examination now.
    都是标准的现在进行式,事实上,也必须用现在进行式。
    (3)
    I have been interested in music ever since I was a small child. When I was seven years old, my mother gave me a violin as a birthday present. I have been taking violin lessons ever since.
    I am so much interested in music that I finally decided to go to music school. This was a hard decision for me. I consulted with my parents. Both of them encouraged me to go ahead.
    Yesterday, I was accepted by one of the best music schools in Taiwan. I am really happy about this.
    这一段话中,我们开始用现在完成式,比方说第一句话就是
    I have been interested in music ever since I was a small child.
    为什么要用现在完成式呢?道理很简单,这句话里面有有〝ever since〞这个词,凡是有了这个词句,我们就一定要用现在完成式了。
    另外一句用了现在完成进行式的句子是:
    I have been taking violin lessons ever since.
    读者不妨去看看第四章,就知道为什么这里要用现在完成进行式了。凡是〝自从〞某某日开始,而就一直在做的事情,就应该用现在完成式,或者现在完成进行式。
    这一段文章里面,我们还用了被动语气。
    I was accepted by one of the best music schools in Taiwan.
    各位读者不妨注意,这被动语气的用法是很正当而且适宜的,如用主动这句话变成了
    One of the best music schools accepted me.
    这样反而并不太能表达原意。
    (4)
    Before I got into college, I had been to the United States and lived there for one year. This is why I could speak English better than average students.
    As I studied as a college student, Hitler was secretly preparing for the Second World War. The war erupted finally when I was a senior. I was forced to quit school and was drafted into the army. I luckily survived the war and came back to resume my studying after the war was over. Since I had gone to the war, I was more mature than most of the other students.
    Even now, I can still remember my days as a college student as well as a soldier.